There is no right or wrong way to draw as long as you are having fun and getting creative. However, there are a few tips for drawing a convincing squirrel. If you want your artwork to have a cartoon style, use a few simple shapes to compose the structure of the animal and erase the lines that should not appear to give more definition to the squirrel. Make the hind legs bigger than the front ones and draw funny protruding teeth. If you want to draw a realistic picture, make the squirrel small enough. Trace them in pencil before giving them more definition and adding details.
Method 1 of 2: Draw a cartoon squirrel
Step 1. Draw a circle
Add 2 small triangles at the top. This set will make up the head. Draw a light circle with a pencil where you want to position the squirrel's head. Add 2 small triangles at the top (one on the right and one on the left) to represent the ears. Each triangle should measure a quarter of the diameter of the circle.
Do not use a pen, as this method requires a lot of exfoliation. You can go over the drawing again with a pen or felt-tip pen when you are finished
Step 2. Delineate the body
Draw a long rectangle below the circle. To form the structure of the body, draw a vertical line that goes down from the bottom of the circle starting from a point slightly to the left of the middle. Draw another longer vertical line starting from a point slightly below the right side of the circle. Connect the 2 vertical lines with a horizontal line to delimit the lower body.
- You need to get a rectangle whose upper left corner is hidden behind the circle.
- If you find it easier, you can draw the entire rectangle and erase the parts that are inside the circle.
Step 3. Position the rear legs
Draw 2 small symmetrical rectangles at the bottom of the body. To form small legs for the squirrel to stand on, draw a small rectangle outward from each bottom corner of the large rectangle. These rectangles should be fairly thin (about one-fifth the width and height of the body). Line up their bottom edges with the lower body and orient them in opposite directions to represent the animal's hind legs.
- Start on one side of the body and work your way outward.
- All of these strokes should be very light, as you'll be erasing a lot of them later.
Step 4. Add the legs
Draw an oval behind each leg to represent the squirrel's bent legs and make it appear as if it is seated. These ovals should be about the same size as the smaller rectangles. Stretch them out and up from the point where the legs meet the body and orient them so that they are midway between the top of the legs and the sides of the body. Hide the bottom of each oval behind the adjacent rectangle. Position the legs at a 45 ° angle to the rectangles.
You should have the impression that you are seeing 2 eggs with the bottom hidden behind the rectangles of the legs
Step 5. Make the front legs
Draw small rectangles in front of the body. To make the squirrel's front legs, draw 2 very small vertical rectangles at the bottom left and bottom right of the body. Each rectangle should line up with one edge of the large rectangle and lie inside it. These shapes are used to position the front legs in such a way as to give the impression that the animal is leaning on its front legs. At the bottom of each of these rectangles, draw a horizontal rectangle that is slightly shorter than the hind leg it is in front of.
The front legs should be under the lower body so that they appear to be in front
advice: Real squirrels' legs are all roughly the same size, but cartoon squirrels often have their hind legs larger than their front legs.
Step 6. Add the tail
Draw a series of rectangles behind the body. To represent the characteristic huge tail of squirrels, draw a large vertical rectangle on one side of the body. The top of this rectangle should go behind the right ear and go outward to the right. Her bottom should go behind the right hind leg. Draw a smaller rectangle glued against the top of the right edge of this shape. Then add a third even smaller rectangle aligned with the bottom of the right edge of the previous one. You will have the impression that a series of rectangles escapes from the top of the larger one behind the squirrel.
The shapes that make up the tail should get smaller and smaller as you go down. Each rectangle should be about half the size of the previous one
Step 7. Erase unnecessary lines
Erase the lines that separate the different parts. Erase the bottom of the head circle where it meets the body to get a single continuous shape. Erase the lines that separate the ovals representing the rear legs from the rectangles delimiting the rear legs. Leave the body lines. Also erase the lines that separate the front legs from the front legs. Finally, erase the vertical lines where the rectangles constituting the tail meet.
Step 8. Draw details
Give the right shape to the legs, ears and tail. Once you have the general structure, start defining the shape of the squirrel. Curl the sides of the ears and draw smaller outlines inside each to form the inside of the ear. Curl the lines of the hind legs to make them more fluid. Round the front legs and add small waves to give the animal fingers. Connect the angles of the rectangles that make up the tail by drawing a continuous wavy line at the top and one at the bottom, then erase the straight construction lines.
- The tail should be about the same size as the whole body, legs and head.
- The level of precision depends on your preferences. You can keep relatively geometric and simple shapes or rework all the elements to make them more fluid and harmonious.
- To make the front legs more realistic, make the top of each one thinner than the bottom that meets the leg.
Step 9. Create the facial features
Draw the eyes, teeth and nose. Draw a rounded triangle in the center of the head to represent the nose. Draw 2 big eyes. The one on the right should be slightly larger than the one on the left. Add a small dot in each eye. Position these dots near the nose to represent the pupils. Where the left side of the head meets the upper body, draw 2 small squares glued together to make large protruding teeth.
- If you want to exaggerate the cartoon effect, the eyes can touch each other in the middle to form a single shape.
- You can also draw a rectangle with a rounded top edge between the front legs so that the animal has a belly.
Step 10. Color the drawing
Define the strokes as you want. Use markers, colored pencils or chalk to color the squirrel. Color the tail and the inside of the ears dark gray. Choose a lighter gray for the body and pink for the nose. Leave the belly and the inside of the eyes white. If you want to bring more definition to the drawing, go over all the lines with a fine black felt-tip pen.
- This step is optional. You don't have to color the squirrel.
- You can use whatever colors you want. The most common for squirrels is red. You can also use black, brown or yellow.
Method 2 of 2: Draw a realistic squirrel
Step 1. Draw a large circle
Give it a diameter of 10 to 12 cm. He will serve as a guide. To draw a realistic-looking squirrel, use a pencil so you can create shadows and texture effects, and erase construction lines. Start by drawing a large circle. It will match the main part of the body and serve as the basis for the drawing.
You can't make the preliminary lines with a pen or felt-tip pen, as you'll have to erase and smudge a lot afterwards, and the ink won't fade or fade easily like a pencil
Step 2. Position the head
Draw an oval that is about 2 to 4 cm above and to the left of the body. This shape should be slightly thinner at the bottom. It shouldn't be sharp, but should narrow like the top of an egg as it goes up towards the nose. Orient this part at a 45 ° angle away from the body circle. This oval should be above and to the left of the large circle.
- It should be about a third of the diameter of the circle.
- If you want the squirrel to face right, just reverse the orientation of the oval and draw it to the right of the body.
Step 3. Connect the head to the body
Starting at the top and to the right of the head, draw a line that extends to a point at the top and to the left of the body. Slightly curl this line down in the middle, making it go down 1 or 2 mm so as to represent the curve of the neck.
Step 4. Make the ears
The one on the right must be larger than the one on the left. Start by tracing the left side of the right ear. Start from the middle of the top of the head, just below the top edge of the oval. Draw a curve that goes up and back towards the body, slightly protruding from the head at the top. Descend from the top end, making a curved line that comes back towards the head so that the ear has an oval shape ending in a point at the top. Draw the other ear to the left of the first one so that it looks like its bottom is hidden behind the head.
- The right ear should be about a quarter of the size of the head. The one on the left should be about half the size of the one on the right.
- In these explanations, the right ear is the one on the right in the drawing, not the squirrel's right ear. The animal's left ear is the largest.
advice: Round the left side of the left ear slightly more. You see the back side of this ear. The right one faces forward so you can see its inside.
Step 5. Make the hind leg
It must pass in front of the body and be connected to the tail. Place your pencil to the left of the center of the body circle. Draw a semicircle that curves forward and down and is about half the diameter of the large circle. When you reach your lower body, draw a thin rounded rectangle below the circle to represent the foot. Connect the back of this part to the lower body with a small line. At the point where this line meets the circle, draw a long line in the shape of an S. The lower half should be on the inside of the body and the upper half should protrude behind and at the top.
- This wavy line represents the top line of the tail. It can be any shape you want as long as it is curved over the body. Usually the top of the tail is taller than the bottom.
- When squirrels are seated, their tails do not pull away from their body. She stands on top and curls down onto their backs.
- The height of the S-shape should roughly match the distance between the left side of the head and the right side of the body.
Step 6. Finish the tail
Curl it up against the body at the back. At the top of the wavy line, draw another wavy line closer to the body. Follow the S shape to the top of its top curve. Then change the direction of your stroke to continue to mimic the shape by going towards the back of the squirrel's body. As you move down towards the body, the tail should get thinner and thinner until it meets the hindquarters of the animal.
If you want the squirrel to sit on a log, stone or wire, draw the desired object under its paws
Step 7. Draw a front leg
Position it under the head and point it down. Starting from the middle of the right side of the head, draw a wavy line that goes downward. Draw a small circle at its lower end and draw a curved line that starts from the bottom of the right side of the paw and joins the middle of the body so that the squirrel has a small arm.
- This leg should be about one-fifth the size of the head.
- It can be very rounded to make the animal look very cute, or it can be slightly pointed and angular to make the squirrel look wild.
- Don't worry about fingers and other details just yet. Just draw the basic shapes of the structure.
Step 8. Add an eye
Draw a small black eye in the center of the head. It should be slightly smaller than the ear on the left. Make it roughly the same shape as the oval of the head and point its tip down and forward. Color it in with your pencil or felt-tip pen, leaving a small white dot at the top and right to represent a reflection. End the bottom of the eye with a point to define it further.
If you want to draw the squirrel in ink or remake its outlines with pen or felt, now is the time to start
Step 9. Finish the face
Add a small nose and a cheek. Press harder on your pencil or use light pen strokes to draw a tiny slanted nose down and to the left of the head. It should barely protrude in front and should be open at the top. To his right, draw a curved line facing the back of his head. These strokes should be very small. Be careful not to overdo them. Add a small curve between the eye and the cheek to give it a plump look.
Unlike cartoon squirrels, real animals have very small mouths, noses, and cheeks
Step 10. Define the outlines
Go over the lines you want to keep with a fine felt-tip pen. Use a black felt-tip pen with a fine point to outline the outline of the head. Do not draw anything inside the right ear. Define the squirrel's ears, back, and belly. Draw several curved lines to outline the back where it meets the tail. When you're done, erase unnecessary pencil lines.
If you don't want to use a felt-tip pen or a pen, you don't have to. You can simply go over your lines with a pencil, pressing harder to define them further
Step 11. Make a bushy tail
Draw its hairs by drawing small curved lines. Working outwards from the body, draw a series of short, thin lines that are more or less parallel. Use quick and light movements so that the hairs are finer than the other contours of the body. At the tip of the tail, curl the features slightly more than the rest of its length. Keep drawing these little curves along both sides of the tail until it is the shape and texture you want.
You don't have to outline the tail with solid lines to draw a realistic squirrel
Step 12. Define the small parts
Add details to small items like the legs. Add 3 or 4 toes to the bottom leg with a felt tip pen or deeper pencil strokes. Curl each toe down and make it very thin. In the front paw, draw thin curves very close to each other that go towards the inside of the arm to represent fingers.Define the bottom edge of this tab. Draw a series of very short, thin curved lines to represent the fur on the belly.
- Each paw should be about the same size as the eye. The toes and fingers should be about twice as long as the legs.
- Represent the inside of the squirrel's left ear (the one on the right in the drawing) by drawing a Y shape and shading the part between the branches.
- You can leave the front paw as it is or draw a different one. The second leg should be half hidden behind the first and be connected to the head.
Step 13. Add texture
Make cross hatching and small fine lines. Start by filling the tail with different little strokes that go up from the body. Layer dozens of them until the effect is right for you. Cross hatch to darken and add texture to the lower body, hind leg and back of the ear. Draw several short parallel lines and then draw other short lines that cross them at right angles to represent dark fur.
- How you add texture to the animal depends on your preferences. You have many options.
- If you want to color the drawing, you can use a colored felt tip pen or colored pencil for this step.
- If you want to add whiskers, make sure they are very light and thin. Draw 3 to 5 just to the right of the nose. Bring them down to the front paw. Add 3 to 5 shorter whiskers on the other side of the nose and point them outwards in the opposite direction to the others.
advice: If you have traced the outlines of the design with a felt-tip pen or a pen, you can make an additional shading effect with a pencil. Draw crosshatch around the lines representing fur and texture.
Step 14. Color the drawing
If desired, apply muted tones of gray, red and brown to the fur. You don't have to color the squirrel, but if you want to, use colored pencils for a realistic effect. Choose different shades of gray, red and brown to add color to the fur. Make different strokes from front to back and cross hatch to achieve the desired texture. Blur the lines by rubbing them with a soft bread eraser or your fingertip.