Writing a presentation can be a difficult and frustrating experience. Sometimes the biggest challenge is finding a topic and other times knowing where and how to start writing your ideas. Whether you are a professional journalist, an aspiring novelist, or a student struggling with a presentation, there are many strategies that can help you get started.
Part 1 of 4: generate ideas and text
Step 1. Take your time for imagination exercises
Writing is a process and the first part is the inventing step. Invention helps you generate ideas for your talk, poem, novel, article, or whatever you write. Some people tend to skip this step even though it is one of the most important steps in the writing process. By not taking the time to explore your ideas, you will produce poor quality material.
- If you're having a hard time getting started, you can make sure you complete at least one invention exercise before you start the draft. However, it will be more beneficial for you to complete more than one exercise.
- Try to start with something that helps you generate ideas, such as free writing or lists, and move on to something that will help you explore those ideas more in depth, such as grouping your ideas together, handing them over. in question or by underlining some.
- When considering certain topics, be sure to choose something that interests you. It is much easier to write about things that interest you than things that bother you.
Step 2. Do free writing for 15 minutes
Grab pen and paper or open a new text file on your computer. Set a timer for 15 minutes and start writing. Write about whatever goes through your mind and don't censor or correct yourself.
- Even if nothing occurs to you, write “nothing occurs to me” several times until you think of something else. The most important thing is to write continuously for 15 minutes.
- When you're done, reread what you wrote to see what you wrote about. You can extract useful paragraphs from it and expand from there.
- Remember that free writing exercises should not be used as drafts. Free writing is one way to generate ideas and the results are often disorganized and chaotic, which is why you could get a bad grade if you made your writing exercise free.
Step 3. Make a list
Lists can help you explore possible writing topics. To use the lists, get out a pencil and paper or open a new text file and make lists on whatever topics come your way. As with the free writing exercise, don't censor yourself or correct yourself. Add whatever comes to mind.
- For example, for an essay research assignment, you might write things like vertical crops, farm animal welfare, rotation, etc.
- Once you have completed your list, identify the topics that stand out and explore them as possible topics for your writing project. Ask yourself if the chosen topic corresponds to the assignment you have been asked, if it interests you and if you would like to adapt it to your needs.
- When you've decided on a topic, you could also do a little free writing exercise on the topic to help you generate ideas and find out what you really know about them.
Step 4. Create a spider web
Gathering ideas can help you explore a topic in more depth, find connections, and start deciding how to organize your thoughts. Your spider web will look like circles connected by lines.
- To create an idea cluster, take a piece of paper and draw a circle in the middle. Then write the subject in the center of this circle.
- Next, draw a line coming out of the circle and draw another circle at the end of this line. In this circle, write a subtopic related to your main topic.
- Continue to add lines that start from the central circle as well as the circles connected to this circle to build connections between the ideas.
Step 5. Ask questions
Questions are also a good strategy that can help you test your topic. Try to use who, what, when, where, how, to determine if the idea for your topic is worthwhile and to develop ideas on the topic. Take your subject into account and answer the following questions in writing.
- Who is affected by the topic?
- What are the major issues associated with this topic?
- When did this problem start?
- Where is it happening?
- Why is it happening?
- How can you fix this problem?
Step 6. Discuss your ideas with someone
It can be helpful to discuss your ideas with someone to test them out and explore what you already know. If you are discussing your ideas with a friend or a teacher, you can also imagine points of view or ways of approaching the topic that you had not considered.
If you are writing a lecture for a class, make an appointment with your teacher. You could say, “I have some ideas for my next presentation and I was hoping I could talk to you about it and find out what you think. Is it possible to meet you before or after class? "
Step 7. Make an outline of your ideas
Once you have a few ideas, you can start organizing them into a plan. For short presentations, you can make an outline with paragraphs. For longer assignments, write short descriptions of events and organize them according to how they appear in your story. Draw character cards that show how the people in the story interact or how they feel about each other.
Remember, your plan can be as detailed or as skinny as you want it to be. For example, you can include a point in the list with a subject sentence for each paragraph with sub-points for the ideas you are going to cover in the paragraphs or you can just make a list of ideas you will cover in their order. of appearance
Part 2 of 4: putting ideas on paper
Step 1. Take a moment to finish your draft
Drafting can be a difficult part of the process even if you have a lot of ideas. The best thing to do is take some time to do nothing but write. For example, you could arrange to work only on your draft from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. on Thursday evenings.
- Make sure you give yourself at least two hours to sit quietly and write your draft. Turn off the laptop, ask your parents or roommate not to bother you, and eliminate all other potential distractions.
- Gather all of your notes from your invention exercise before you start writing. If you've completed a few invention exercises, you should have a good idea of where to start and how to organize your thoughts. If not, you should spend some time making a plan before you start.
Step 2. Spend enough time on your introduction
Introductions can be difficult to write, which is why it might be best if you spend some time in them to think about what you want to include in them. You should also make sure to avoid some common pitfalls of introductions.
- Try to write an introduction that will draw your readers to your story and help them connect with the topic. You might start by asking a question, giving an illustrative example, or explaining a difficult concept.
- Avoid giving too much detail in the introduction. The introductions sometimes get too full and this can confuse readers. Avoid starting your presentation by saying: "Since the beginning of humanity …" or "Men at all times …"
- Avoid giving dictionary definitions. Introductions that include a definition are often bland and the definition is not necessary at all. Avoid starting your presentation with phrases like "The dictionary defines friendship as …" or "According to Larousse …"
Step 3. Take breaks
Some people prefer to write a rough draft while others prefer to write piece by piece. Decide what works best for you, but be sure to take breaks every two hours. It is difficult to concentrate for more than two hours, so get up to stretch, walk, or have a snack before continuing to work on your draft.
Step 4. Ask for feedback
Once you've finished the first draft, find someone to give you their feedback on what you've written. You can ask a teacher, friend, or relative to read your work. If your reader is unfamiliar with the topic of your assignment or your writing goal, let them know.
- For example, if you ask a friend to read your presentation, tell them what class you prepared them for, what are the constraints of the presentation, and what concerns you had while writing them.
- Most universities have writing centers where students can go or make an appointment to meet with a tutor. He can read their presentations and help them identify ways to improve their work.
Step 5. Check your work
After you receive a review about your work, take some time to check it out. As with the draft stage, you should set aside at least two hours to check what you have written.
- Remember, checking doesn't mean correcting. Correction is the final step in the writing process where you identify minor errors and add the final touches. Auditing lets you see your work from a new perspective and ask yourself how you can improve it. To check this, you will have to erase passages, add some, change their order, reorganize them or inflate certain existing paragraphs.
- While checking out, be sure to take care of the parts that your readers told you to improve. You should also reread your work and find areas where you can add more detail, better sources, or a narrower perspective.
- Remember that writing is often a cyclical process. Sometimes the editing might require you to add a large chunk of text to fully explain the concept or to reinforce an argument. To do this, you need to go back to the invention stage.
- If possible, take a break between the draft phase and the review phase. By taking a few hours or days between drafting and reviewing, you'll get to see your work with new eyes. This will make it easier for you to identify the problems and find solutions for them.
Part 3 of 4: get in the mood
Step 1. Lower your standards
Poet William Stanford wrote: “There is no blank page angst for writers with low enough standards. Even though it might sound horrible, the idea of being able to act like a child and write the best novel in the history of French literature is unrealistic. But it's exactly this kind of waiting that makes people so upset that they give up.
- Good writers write many drafts of their work and have it proofread by professional editors. No one expects the first draft to be good. But by sitting down and finishing it, you give yourself the opportunity to see what works and what does not. From then on, it will be much easier to improve your ideas.
- Writing also takes practice. It will probably take you several unsuccessful attempts to do this.
Step 2. Write every day
To make writing a natural habit, try to take the time every morning to write a few pages. If you don't know what to write, start a dream journal. Write about what you dreamed of. It will help you connect with your creative side.
Step 3. Do light exercise
People who exercise regularly have more creative thoughts. If you're stuck on your blank page, a little exercise can distract you from your anxieties and help you come up with new ideas.
- Consider going for a walk to clear your head.
- To gain more energy, try running for a little while.
- Otherwise, try stretching for a few minutes to relax.
Step 4. Drink coffee
Caffeine helps increase the effects of chemicals in your brain that naturally produce energy. Consuming caffeine will give you energy and increase your focus. In addition, it will help you overcome some psychological issues that cause blank page anxiety, including self-doubt and lack of commitment.
- Caffeine has other properties that improve writing, such as increased short-term memory and cognitive abilities.
- However, the positive effects of caffeine can be negated if they prevent you from sleeping. Don't drink too much and drink it early in the morning!
Step 5. Turn on the music
Music helps increase concentration. It can also inspire you with emotions that you can write down on paper. Loud music can be a distraction, depending on your musical taste. In this case, consider listening to background music, preferably without lyrics.
Jazz and classical music are often good choices for background music while you are writing
Step 6. Find a new location
If you have trouble concentrating because of your surroundings or find it uninspiring, find another one. University libraries have many resources that you can turn into information. Cafes give you caffeine and a lively atmosphere that can help you feel more comfortable than in your own tight space.
Step 7. Read
A quick read of texts that inspire you can get you in the mood to write your own. Either way, a good writer should read constantly. It is important to use the inspiration that other writers provide and use that as a role model for your writing. You should also read to get an idea of where your prose fits in the existing literature within a certain genre.
Step 8. Eliminate Distractions
If the television distracts you, be sure to turn it off. If you live with loud people or on a busy street, do your best to find somewhere quieter. Consider downloading programs that allow you to remove distractions from your computer.
One of the challenges of writing today is that the best writing tool, your computer, is also filled with distractions. However, there are specialized programs that can help. Some of these software reduce the amount of time you can spend on social media. Writing software can also limit your access to other functions of your computer so that you can concentrate on writing
Step 9. Set up a program
Good writers have different agendas. However, one of the things that is true at all times is that you have to set yourself a certain schedule. You need to develop habits that are appropriate for your energy level and your daily schedule. Once you have these habits, your mind will naturally turn to when to sit down and write.
- For example, Simone de Beauvoir always started her day with a cup of tea, she reread what she had written the day before, she wrote for several hours, she took a break and she returned to her work after dinner.
- Try to designate a place and time to work. This kind of routine will allow you to condition your brain to let it know it's time to get to work.
- You may still need to have a cup of coffee or tea before you start working out. You could turn on the music. You could have breakfast before you start writing. Create environmental cues that tell your brain it's time to get down to business.
Part 4 of 4: train in different formats
Step 1. Start blogging
A blog is a great tool for putting your writing work in a place where it will be read. People's responses can help you learn and develop your writing skills. You might even start to promote yourself.
Try to go for an interview. Ask someone you know if they want to chat with you. You might be surprised at people who want to chat with you for some publicity. A great name can get you new readers
Step 2. Write book reviews
Write a book review and send it to a local newspaper or website interested in the topic. This will give you the opportunity to put your name on an article. Plus, by engaging in depth with the work of a great writer, you'll get a better perspective on your own creative essays.
Step 3. Write small articles
You might not want to spend your life writing small articles for magazines, websites, and newspapers. However, they will allow you to market yourself and earn some money by helping you make a living from your writing. Most importantly, by working under the guidance of experienced editors, you will get used to the pace and style of professional writing.