How to write a summary paragraph: 10 steps (with pictures)

How to write a summary paragraph: 10 steps (with pictures)
How to write a summary paragraph: 10 steps (with pictures)
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A summary paragraph should provide the reader with important information about a large text. You can write a summary paragraph about a novel or short story as part of school activities. You also have the option of writing this for a scientific article or for an academic text. Before you start writing, you need to outline the original text, then create a catchy introduction and write a good paragraph that will be brief, but informative.

Steps

Part 1 of 3: organize the summary paragraph

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 1

Step 1. Take notes on the original text

Start by reading and reviewing the basic text. Then, annotate it while noting all the keywords as well as the essential points or expressions. Underline or underline phrases that are important to you. Identify the opening sentence as well as the main idea in the seed text. The introductory sentence will contain the main theme of the text.

If you are working on a long text, you should develop a concise outline (in the margin of the text) for each paragraph. Include key points, phrases or keywords in the summary. You also have the option of using these notes later in your summary paragraph

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 2

Step 2. Bring out the main idea in the original text

Create one or two sentences that will bring out the main idea or ideas of the original text. Keep the draft short and to the point. Ask yourself, "What is the author trying to tell us in this text?" What is the main theme or idea of ​​the text?"

If, for example, you are working on F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby as an initial text, you might bring out several ideas or themes, namely impossible love, wealth, social status and friendship

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 3

Step 3. Insert several supporting examples from the text

As soon as you determine the main idea, identify one or three examples from the original text that support the theme. These can be quotes or scenes from the text. You can also choose a crucial passage or time in the text as an example of support.

List these examples and summarize them briefly, noting what happened in each illustration. You have the option of using these in your summary paragraph

Part 2 of 3: Create a catchy intro

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 4

Step 1. Mention the publication date, title and author

The first line of your summary paragraph should mention the publication date, title, and name of the author of the original text. You should also specify what type of text it is: an article, a short story or a novel. This immediately provides the reader with basic information about the original text.

  • For example, you can start with something like “In the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald published in 1925…”.
  • If you are writing an article summary, you can start with "In his article What is intersex? published in 2001, Nancy Kerr…”.
Start a Summary Paragraph Step 5

Step 2. Use a verb that announces a declarative sentence

The first line of your summary paragraph should have a strong declarative verb such as insist, affirm, support, declare, or argue. You can also use verbs like specify, present, demonstrate, discuss, and explain. Using these phrases will make the introduction to the summary paragraph clear and concise.

  • For example, you can write “In the novel The Great Gatsby published in 1925, F. Scott Fitzgerald presents…”.
  • For an article, you can write, "In his article What is intersex? published in 2001, Nancy Kerr affirms…”.
Start a Summary Paragraph Step 6

Step 3. Describe the main idea of ​​the original text

End the introductory sentence by inserting the main idea or theme of the text. You can then add key points to support the rest of the summary that links to the main idea or theme.

  • For example, you could write, “In the novel The Great Gatsby published in 1925, F. Scott Fitzgerald presents the tragic figure of a mysterious millionaire named Jay Gatsby through the eyes of his neighbor Nick Carraway. "
  • In the case of an article, you could write, "In his article What is intersex? published in 2001, Nancy Kerr argues that discussions of school sexuality ignore the growing public interest in intersex. "

Part 3 of 3: Write a good summary paragraph

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 7

Step 1. Adopt the QQOQCCP method

Think about the person to whom the original text is addressed or spoken. Take into account the theme or topic that is being addressed. Specify the context of the text, if applicable. Finally, determine why the author is addressing a given topic in the initial text.

If you are writing for example on the novel The Great Gatsby, you should be talking about the two main characters (Jay Gatsby and his neighbor or the narrator Nick Carraway). You should also briefly recount the story of the novel, talk about its setting and why Fitzgerald introduced the lives of these two protagonists

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 8

Step 2. Give one or three sentences to support the theme

Remember to include one or three essential points at most so as not to make the paragraph very long. Also use these events or facts from the text to support your introductory sentence.

If you're writing about an article, for example, you can use the author's key points as points of reference. If you are working on a short story or novel, you could use important facts from the text as points of support

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 9

Step 3. Summarize the original text in your own words

Avoid paraphrasing or copying the original text. Use your own words in writing the summary. Refrain from using the same words or languages ​​as the source text unless you are quoting this directly.

Remember that a summary paragraph should just outline the important information from the source text. You should not give an argument or a point of view on the text in your summary. You can do this in another paragraph or section of your essay

Start a Summary Paragraph Step 10

Step 4. Make your writing short and to the point

A summary paragraph should not exceed six or eight sentences. As soon as you finish writing the draft summary, read it again and go over it to make sure it is short and to the point. Remove any phrase or phrase that appears repetitive or redundant.

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