Getting scratched is very common. They can occur in any part of our body, for example, after we have scratched our fingernails, with a thorn, or after hitting something sharp. Most scrapes are not deep and heal on their own. To treat them, it is important to stop the bleeding, disinfect the affected area, apply ointment to it, and cover it with a bandage.
Method 1 of 3: Treat the scratch
Step 1. Apply pressure to stop the bleeding
Some of these wounds stop bleeding on their own after a while while others do not. In other words, the latter can bleed profusely. To stop the bleeding, put a clean cloth, cotton ball or piece of gauze on the affected area and press it down afterwards.
Step 2. Wash your hands
You should do this before you touch the wound. Although many scratches are not particularly deep, they should never be touched with dirty hands. Any open wounds, even the smallest scratches, can be infected with possible contaminants on the hands. You should therefore take the trouble to always wash your hands with lukewarm soapy water before they come into contact with the area to be treated.
Step 3. Cleanse the wound
Wash the affected area with tap water to remove dirt and bacteria present. You can also wash the surrounding area with a mild soap.
Avoid applying hydrogen peroxide or iodine to abrasions. These products can irritate them
Step 4. Determine whether to go to the doctor
Usually, most of these types of injuries can be treated at home without the supervision of a doctor. However, be aware that this is sometimes necessary. Contact a doctor if the bleeding does not stop or if blood comes out of the dressing.
- Go to the doctor if the wound is infected. Infections are accompanied by several signs, such as severe pain, swelling, redness in the area, a burning sensation and warmth. It is also possible that it has exudate. Infections can also be accompanied by fever.
- If the wound is deep, dirty, or punctured, you may need to get a tetanus vaccine, especially if you haven't had it in five years. Consult your doctor to find out how to do this.
Method 2/3: Take care of a scratch
Step 1. Apply an ointment
After you have cleaned it and the bleeding has stopped, apply an antibiotic ointment such as bacitracin or Neosporin or petroleum jelly. This product will help keep the wound moist, speeding up healing. Apply a thin layer of the ointment using your clean fingers or a cotton swab.
The petroleum jelly will also help reduce the risk of scarring and relieve any itching you may have
Step 2. Put a bandage on the wound
It may be necessary to cover it with a bandage to keep the site clean and protected from bacteria, if it is medium to very deep. You can do without it if it's a minor scratch.
You can use a bandage or gauze
Step 3. Clean it daily
Once a day, remove the bandage to wash the scratch off with cold, soapy water. After that, apply a new plaster on it. You should also change it if it gets dirty or wet. Once your wound has healed enough that there is no risk of it becoming infected, you can leave it uncovered.
If a new layer of skin or scab forms on the scrapes, you can also leave them uncovered, because then there is no risk of them becoming infected
Step 4. Determine if you need the tetanus vaccine
If the scratch was caused by a rusty object, such as a nail, you may be exposed to tetanus. If you think this is the case, see a doctor. If you had previously been vaccinated against this disease, have the practitioner examine the wound to make sure there is no problem. If it has been five years since you received the vaccine, you should discuss this with the doctor.
Method 3 of 3: Treat scratches with natural methods
Step 1. Use honey
It has antiseptic and antibacterial properties. It can be effective in treating scratches and preventing them from becoming infected. Apply a thin layer to the affected area using a clean finger or cotton swab.
Honey can also help keep the wound moist, which can help it heal
Step 2. Try a chamomile compress
Chamomile has therapeutic properties. It is an antibiotic and an antiseptic. Prepare the compress by immersing a clean cloth in the infusion, then place it on the affected area. You can also put a sachet of chamomile directly on the wound.
Step 3. Use aloe vera
Thanks to its therapeutic properties, this herb can treat burns, cuts and scratches. If you want, you can try an ointment that contains it. But if it's a totally natural remedy you're looking for, take a leaf from the plant, cut it off, and massage the inner part onto the wound.
Step 4. Try an essential oil
To treat scratches, you can opt for this solution. You just need to mix a few drops of the essential oil of your choice with a carrier oil, such as olive oil or almond oil.
- Lavender has antibacterial and antiseptic properties, so it is effective in disinfecting the wound.
- Eucalyptus essential oil has antimicrobial properties.
- Clove and rosemary essential oils also have antibacterial properties.
- Finally, you can use chamomile essential oil.
Step 5. Prepare a compress with melaleuca oil (tea tree oil)
It is an essential oil with antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. To treat abrasions, drop two drops of this oil in a cup of lukewarm water. Dip a cotton ball in it and massage it on the affected area.