When a person has vertigo, they feel like their surroundings are moving or spinning while they are still. This sensation is associated with dizziness which causes loss of balance, difficulty understanding, nausea and other complications. It may be benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) or a symptom of an underlying disorder. To stop vertigo, you have to determine the cause. It is enough to educate yourself to deepen your knowledge of how to deal with this sensation.
Method 1 of 3: Use proven treatments
Step 1. See a doctor
He will examine you and make a diagnosis to determine the cause of your dizziness. They are often linked to two pathologies of the inner ear, Ménière's disease and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). However, they can be a symptom of many other conditions. You must therefore be certain of the causes of your dizziness in order to be able to treat them properly. Do not treat yourself for Ménière's disease or BPPV without being diagnosed. This is because treatments for these disorders will not alleviate dizziness caused by other illnesses. Here are some other potential causes of dizziness.
- Other inner ear disorders such as labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis.
- Ear or head injuries.
- Decreased blood flow to the brainstem and cerebellum.
- Brain tumors.
- Certain complications from taking medication or drinking alcohol.
Step 2. Ask your doctor for a diagnosis
You will need to identify which ear is causing your trouble, as the treatment you will receive may vary depending on which side is affected.
- Be alert when you have dizziness. If it happens when you turn to the right in your bed, the dizziness is most likely caused by your right ear.
- If you cannot identify which ear is causing your problems, see your doctor.
Step 3. Try Epley's maneuver to cure BPPV
This condition is caused by the migration of microscopic crystals to parts of the inner ear. The maneuver consists of a succession of movements of the head to replace these crystals in the right place. It does not require special equipment and can be easily performed by a doctor. Done correctly, it is an effective treatment for BPPV.
- Once a healthcare professional has shown you how to perform the Epley maneuver, you can perform it on your own at home if you experience dizziness. Watch videos on the Internet to learn the different head movements to perform.
- After the maneuver, stabilize your neck for 48 hours.
- If you are not sure if you have BPPV, do not perform the Epley maneuver. Indeed, your dizziness is a symptom and you must receive a treatment adapted to their cause to make them disappear.
Step 4. Regulate your bodily fluids
It is a way of fighting against Ménière's disease. By controlling fluid retention in your body, you can decrease the frequency of dizziness and relieve symptoms resulting from this chronic inner ear condition. Here are some methods you can try.
- Limit your intake of salt and foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG or MSG).
- Consider taking diuretics that reduce fluid retention.
- Learn about betahistine. This medication is believed to reduce the severity and frequency of vertigo attacks because it increases blood flow to the inner ear area. Betahistine is primarily used to treat dizziness associated with Ménière's disease. If you want to know more about this medicine, ask your doctor questions.
Step 5. Learn about the surgery
If not all of the treatments that you have been prescribed are ineffective, there are surgeries that can cure dizziness caused by certain inner ear conditions. This is particularly the case if they are caused by one of the following disorders:
- benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV),
- Ménières disease,
- vestibular neuritis,
- chronic labyrinthitis.
Step 6. Sleep with your head elevated
BPPV is a very common type of vertigo. It happens because of microscopic crystals of calcium carbonate that form in one part of your inner ear and migrate to another part of your inner ear. This transfer disrupts your balance and triggers the uncomfortable feeling of dizziness. Crystals can dislodge while you sleep when you move your head. Sleeping with your head slightly elevated will decrease the frequency of this phenomenon.
Sleep on your back rather than on your stomach or side, and elevate your head with an extra pillow
Step 7. Don't lower your head below your shoulders
If you have BPPV, this movement can dislodge the crystals mentioned above and cause dizziness. Be aware of your movements and avoid leaning forward.
- If you have to pick up an object, bend your knees to lower yourself instead of bending over while bending your back and moving your head down.
- Do not do exercises that require you to lower your head or lean it forward.
Step 8. Don't stretch your neck
Indeed, movements like when you try to grab an object in height, can also cause the dislodgement of these crystals. So avoid stretching your neck upwards. When you do, don't swing your head and move it slowly.
Step 9. Refrain from making sudden movements
This is because jerky movements that make your head move can cause dizziness, especially if you are particularly prone to it. Try not to engage in activities that involve sudden or rapid movements of the head.
- Do not ride on rides, such as a roller coaster, where your head may move violently from side to side.
- Do not play sports that can cause sudden head movements. Instead of high-impact exercise, prefer walking, jogging or swimming.
Step 10. Consume more ginger
This food with many virtues treats various ailments, in particular certain cases of dizziness. Eat ginger every day or take it in capsule form. It is a common treatment that has been proven to work in many people prone to dizziness.
Step 11. Stop smoking
Studies have shown that tobacco consumption reduces the effectiveness of treatments for dizziness. By consuming less cigarettes and similar products, you will reduce the number of episodes of dizziness and their symptoms will be lessened.
Step 12. Have your eyes checked
Poor eyesight can make periods of lightheadedness even more difficult. Keep your eyes healthy by seeing an ophthalmologist or optometrist regularly. Also check regularly that your glasses or contact lenses are suitable for your eyesight.
Method 2 of 3: Follow more or less effective treatments
Step 1. Watch your diet
Too much salt intake can make some forms of dizziness worse. This is the case with dizziness associated with migraines and endolymphatic hydrops. Limit your consumption of tobacco and alcohol. Drink plenty of water and eat foods rich in minerals and vitamins.
Caffeine has no proven effects on tinnitus which is ringing in the ear, sometimes associated with dizziness. So, you can keep your usual intake of this product without making any drastic changes
Step 2. Adopt an exercise program
Many people with dizziness find exercise to be helpful and effective in treating this disorder. Take it easy. Start by moving your head slowly from side to side while standing. Walking and easy stretching often provide relief from the symptoms of dizziness. You can also consult a health professional to learn about exercises specific to your pathology. Indeed, inappropriate exercises can have the opposite effect to what you expected. It is therefore best to receive a diagnosis before starting your program.
Method 3 of 3: Demystify Certain Beliefs
Step 1. Be aware that magnets do not cure dizziness
Grandmothers' remedies involving magnets are a fad with no scientific basis. That may change in the future, as research has shown that patients with dizziness respond to strong magnets in an MRI machine. However, scientists are still at the basic research stage and no treatment is available, or even in development, at this time.
Step 2. Do not treat your dizziness with ear infection medicine
This disease is a type of ear inflammation that can also cause dizziness. It is usually treated with antibiotics. Therefore, before taking any specific medication, check that you really have symptoms of an ear infection and not just dizziness. For more precautions, consult your doctor.