3 ways to treat hemorrhoids

3 ways to treat hemorrhoids
3 ways to treat hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids appear when the veins in the anal area become swollen and distended. Internal hemorrhoids are usually not painful even when they bleed, unlike external hemorrhoids which are painful and itchy. Fortunately, there are several ways to fix the problem if you get started right away.


Method 1 of 3: Treat hemorrhoids quickly

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Step 1. Apply witch hazel extract

This natural plant extract has astringent properties that help shrink hemorrhoids and relieve itching. Witch hazel extract vials are available at pharmacies. You will also find topical creams that contain witch hazel.

  • After you have a bowel movement, wash and dry your anal area. Dip a cotton ball in the witch hazel and apply it to your hemorrhoids.
  • If necessary, apply more witch hazel each time your hemorrhoids start to itch again.
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Step 2. Use an over-the-counter cream

A hemorrhoid cream will help relieve the pain. Ointments like Preparation H contain phenylephrine which is a vasoconstrictor that constricts blood vessels in the anal area. Carefully read the instructions on the package and follow them to treat your hemorrhoids.

The drugs in these creams and ointments can damage the skin over time. You should not use them beyond the recommended period

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Step 3. Try an ice pack

Press a small ice pack against your anal area for a few minutes. This will help the veins to contract, which will reduce pain and swelling. You should not keep the ice cream for more than 20 minutes at a time.

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Step 4. Take a sitz bath

A sitz bath is a warm water bath for the buttocks and hips. Pour enough hot water into a large basin (which can fit over the toilet seat) or sit in a tub filled with a few inches of water. Experts recommend a sitz bath for 20 minutes after each use of the toilet and 2-3 times a day. This will relieve itching, irritation and spasm of the sphincter muscle.

  • Gently pat the anal area dry after bathing. Avoid rubbing or wiping yourself with too much pressure, as this may cause bleeding and irritation.
  • For some people, adding Epsom salt will make the bath even more soothing. Use the amount recommended on the package and stir the water to completely dissolve the salt.

Method 2 of 3: Change your habits

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Step 1. Don't strain when you have a bowel movement

Forcing a bowel movement is the main cause of hemorrhoids. Only defecate if you really want to and don't stay in the bathroom for more than 5 minutes.

  • The Valsalva maneuver is often used to push stool. However, it simply increases the peripheral venous pressure, accentuating the pain in the dilated veins.
  • Use a toilet cushion (sold in pharmacies). Sitting on a pillow rather than a hard surface helps reduce the expansion of existing hemorrhoids and prevent new ones from forming.
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Step 2. Reduce the risk of constipation

You need to have a bowel movement every 1 or 2 days, otherwise you may get constipated. People with constipation are more often tempted to force a bowel movement, which makes it difficult to treat hemorrhoids. To prevent constipation, drink plenty of water and increase your fiber intake.

  • A diet rich in fiber combined with sufficient water consumption helps to soften the stool and facilitate their evacuation. This minimizes the pain on the hemorrhoids.
  • A diet high in fiber includes broccoli, beans, wheat and oat bran, whole grain foods, and fresh fruit.
  • You can also take fiber supplements. According to Harvard health, you should start with small amounts and then gradually increase your intake to 25-30g of fiber per day.
  • Take laxatives (such as milk of magnesia) at night so you can have a bowel movement when you wake up. Make sure that your laxative intake does not interfere with your daily routine.
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Step 3. Try unverified natural remedies

It is believed that certain herbs and supplements reduce hemorrhoids and help prevent their recurrence. There are no scientific studies to prove the effectiveness of these methods, but most people who have used them confirm their benefits.

  • Take Triphala tablets (sold in health food stores). They contain plants that promote bowel movement.
  • Use horse chestnut and small holly. These substances are used in herbal hemorrhoid creams and you can also take them as herbal tea.
  • Use aloe vera. Take a teaspoon of aloe vera after a meal and rub the aloe vera on your hemorrhoids for a cooling effect.

Method 3 of 3: Seek medical help

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Step 1. See a doctor

If moderate rectal pain persists for more than a week after home treatments, see a doctor. Also see a doctor if you experience severe pain or notice swelling in your anus and the tissue remains outside after 3 to 7 days of treatment at home.

  • Use a mirror to examine your external hemorrhoids. If they are larger than a coin, see a doctor right away. If they are large enough to block your bowel movement, see a doctor as well.
  • In older people, hemorrhoids are often more serious and do not respond as well to home remedies. If you are elderly, it is best to go to a doctor.
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Step 2. Educate yourself on non-surgical options

Hemorrhoids that do not go away after using home remedies can be treated with different methods. Talk to your doctor about the options below and choose the most appropriate for the situation.

  • Rubber band ligation. A rubber band is placed around the hemorrhoid to block the blood supply, causing necrosis and then tissue shedding.
  • Sclerotherapy. This is the most widely used non-surgical treatment for hemorrhoids. Fluid is injected into the hemorrhoidal tissue to shrink it.
  • Infrared photocoagulation. A catheter is used to irradiate hemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatments.
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Step 3. Consider hemorrhoidectomy

This is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids and surrounding blood vessels which may make them reappear. The recovery period following this type of operation is normally a few days.


  • See a doctor if you have the following symptoms:

    • external hemorrhoids;
    • heavy bleeding;
    • a history of colon cancer in your family;
    • a change in your bowel habits.

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