4 ways to get rid of migraines

4 ways to get rid of migraines
4 ways to get rid of migraines

Migraine is a recurring and very painful headache. It can be accompanied by symptoms of visual disturbances, nausea, and many other signs. What can be frustrating with migraines is that their treatments work for some people, but they don't work for others. They come on and respond to many triggers, and for this reason, there are many treatments that you should try to reduce symptoms. People who suffer from this discomfort can treat seizures by preventing pain, seeking to relieve symptoms naturally, or by taking medication.


Method 1 of 4: Prevent the onset of migraines

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Step 1. Find out more about migraines

The exact cause of migraine has not been determined. Numerous studies have been carried out to find the exact cause, but without success. Researchers believe that the trigeminal nerve plays a major role in migraine. It is in fact the cranial nerve allowing to receive the sensations of pain. An imbalance in serotonin and other brain chemicals can also be a trigger for pain.

  • Neuropeptides such as substance P and calcitonin-related peptides can cause inflammation and dilation of neurons.
  • There are different subtypes of migraines, including chronic migraines, related to drug abuse, basilar, hemiplegic, ophthalmoplegic, retinal, those related to menstruation, periodic migraines of childhood, migraine states. The treatment for these types of headaches is usually the same.
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Step 2. Assess your risk factors

While it is not known exactly what causes this discomfort, there are a number of risk factors that make you vulnerable to this disorder. Determining the risk factors helps you be more alert if symptoms start to appear. Here are some risk factors to consider:

  • family history;
  • the stress;
  • the female sex;
  • changes to their diet;
  • the use of drugs such as estrogen and vasodilators;
  • hormonal changes such as menopause, menstruation, and pregnancy. It is one of the common risk factors for women.
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Step 3. Listen to your body

Learn to recognize the triggers of a migraine to avoid it. For example, some people have a migraine that starts when they consume caffeine, chocolate, or are too stressed. In some cases, seizures are preceded by sensory warning signs which may vary from person to person and may not appear in all patients. These are the following signs:

  • blind spots in the field of vision;
  • tingling in the hands and face;
  • flashes and specks of light;
  • unusual smells, such as burning odors.
  • You may experience other warning signs before the pain manifests itself such as craving for sugar, thirst, drowsiness, or depression.
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Step 4. Have a regular routine

When the body knows what to expect during the day, you are less likely to have migraines. When you follow a routine, the risk of physical and mental stress is reduced because the body knows what is going to happen and when.

  • Go to sleep at regular times, exercise regularly, and eat (meals and snacks) at the same time, taking care to choose similar portions.
  • You can reduce stress and prevent migraines by doing regular aerobic exercise.
  • Smoking habits should be avoided.
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Step 5. Know when to see a doctor

You should see your doctor if migraines are frequent or severe, or if pain and discomfort affects your daily life. You can work with him to develop a specific treatment plan.

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Step 6. If possible, take preventative medication every day

This method is particularly effective for people suffering from disabling migraines accompanied by pain that is difficult to manage or having too frequent attacks. Talk to your doctor about different preventative options and their side effects.

  • Talk to your doctor about any medications you are currently taking, such as hormonal treatments, including estrogen, to see if they may be a trigger for migraines and to find alternative care (if applicable).
  • Some groups of drugs can help prevent headaches, including antidepressants, beta blockers, anticonvulsants, and botulinum toxin. There are specific products in each class of drugs and your doctor will work with you to determine the most effective drug treatments.

Method 2 of 4: Change your behavior and change your lifestyle

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Step 1. Learn to meditate

Stress is the main trigger for migraines. Doctors believe that relaxation methods such as meditation can help reduce stress and reduce the risk of migraines.

  • If you don't have a great knowledge of meditation, you can turn to a mental health specialist to learn some behavioral therapies. It can help you reduce certain migraine pain.
  • To start meditating, relax and close your eyes while sitting in a dimly lit room. Then take a deep breath and try not to think of anything else.
  • Meditate several times a day if that helps.
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Step 2. Avoid food additives, artificial flavors and sweeteners

Many people can experience headaches after consuming too many foods that are processed or contain artificial sweeteners. If you suffer from migraine caused by food additives or artificial sweeteners, avoid MSG, sucralose, aspartame, and sodium nitrate.

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Step 3. Identify foodborne triggers

Some people may have headaches after eating chocolate, gluten, cheese, certain fruits, or nuts. You need to determine the foods that trigger your problem and avoid them. Remember that there is a link between when the trigger food was eaten and the onset of symptoms.

  • Here are some foods notoriously known to trigger migraines: strong flavored foods, aged cheese, chocolate, alcohol, MSG, soft drinks, caffeine, pork, and red meat.
  • Studies have shown the correlation between diet and migraine, knowing that red meat makes symptoms worse.
  • Stay away from other triggers such as noise, bright lights, and strong smells.
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Step 4. Eat more tryptophans

This amino acid is found in turkey, brown rice, fish, yogurt and many other foods. You can also take tryptophan supplements. It stimulates the production of dopamine to reduce headaches.

  • According to studies, a tryptophan deficiency can cause headaches, nausea and photophobia.
  • Although tryptophan deficiency can contribute to migraine according to some studies, there is currently no data on the specific amount of tryptophan supplement to consume to prevent this problem.
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Step 5. Evaluate your sleep patterns

You need to get enough sleep to improve your health, but don't overdo it. In a well-known study, it was found that changing habits negatively affected migraine.

Having a regular sleep cycle without deviating too much from it will help decrease the frequency and may help reduce the severity of migraines with each attack

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Step 6. Find a dark room to rest

Most migraine patients are sensitive to light. Sensitivity to light is relatively common with intermittent headache, which can increase pain and discomfort.

Resting in a dark, quiet room will help reduce the number of external stimuli that can make your headaches worse

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Step 7. Apply ice cubes to the nape of the neck or a cold towel to the forehead

This will help reduce the intensity of the headache. The feeling of coldness from ice cubes can help numb and reduce pain, while effectively reducing headaches.

  • Wrap your cold compress in a towel and apply it to your forehead (not directly to the skin) for 10 to 15 minutes. Then remove it. Repeat after a few minutes if you feel that this method is effective in relieving the pain.
  • In addition, you should drink plenty of water.

Method 3 of 4: Take medicine

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Step 1. Try medications like ibuprofen or naproxen

You should look for a medication to treat migraine. There are many over-the-counter products that help treat the symptoms of migraine.

  • Some medications that contain paracetamol and contain caffeine may help relieve headaches or make them worse, depending on the pain response to the caffeine. For example, some over-the-counter migraine products contain paracetamol, caffeine, and aspirin and may be effective in treating migraines.
  • Talk with your doctor or pharmacist before using any medicine or migraine supplement for young children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, people with other conditions, allergies or taking other drug treatments.
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Step 2. Consider taking a prescription medication

Your doctor may prescribe many other medicines for you if your migraine does not respond to usual medicines. Those that may be prescribed include the following: antinausea drugs, opioids (more rarely) or corticosteroids. Triptans are the most commonly prescribed and can be very effective, but they pose a risk of heart attack or stroke. Therefore, you should talk to your doctor about your medical history before taking anything. If you have episodic migraines, your doctor may prescribe one of the following options.

  • Valproate: It is not fully understood how this drug works, but its ability to relieve migraines has been established.
  • Topiramate: this is an anti-epileptic drug considered to be a substituted monosaccharide sulfamate capable of preventing migraines. This medication is often used to treat this disorder.
  • Propranolol, Timolol and Metoprolol: These drugs belonging to beta blockers help reduce the frequency of migraine attacks. This group of drugs lowers blood pressure and causes vasodilation.
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Step 3. Consider using a prescription nasal spray

Some triptans are available as a nasal spray. Dihydroergotamine has been shown to reduce certain symptoms, such as sensitivity to light and nausea. It is part of a class of drugs called ergot alkaloids. This group of drugs constricts blood vessels by inhibiting the compounds responsible for the swelling that the body releases.

Method 4 of 4: Use herbal and unconventional therapies

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Step 1. Consider acupuncture treatment

Thin needles will be inserted at strategic places on your skin. In the treatment of migraine, acupuncture has been researched for over 20 years and most clinical studies have shown positive results. A 2003 study found that once headaches first appear, acupuncture therapy may be as effective as some medications such as sumatriptan.

When symptoms intensify, medication may be more helpful and effective than acupuncture methods

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Step 2. Get a massage

Scientists are still studying the effects of massage on migraine. However, massage can reduce the frequency of migraines, and many people feel better after a massage therapy session.

  • You can massage yourself if you have a migraine and cannot go to a massage therapist.
  • Gently massage the neck and base of the skull with direct, even pressure. Use your fingers to massage the painful areas and keep doing this until the pain subsides.
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Step 3. Take 50 to 70 mg of butterbur twice a day

Butterbur is a perennial shrub that has been used for over 2,000 years for its antispasmodic and analgesic effects. This herb helps reduce inflammation and the intensity of migraines. It is used as a component of food supplements.

  • Butterbur root extract is believed to have anti-inflammatory and vasomotor properties (affects blood vessels) and many studies are exploring its potential use for migraine.
  • Before using it, talk to your doctor, especially for pregnant or breastfeeding women, for people who are allergic to ragweed or are taking other medicines.
  • Feverfew is another herb that may help prevent migraines, but research results are mixed.


  • See your doctor right away if your migraine is severe and more frequent than usual, or if you experience pain with symptoms that you have never experienced before.
  • Always consult a doctor before starting any treatment. So you can rule out the other conditions that are causing your problem and make sure that you are not going to impair your health while trying to manage your migraines.

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