How do you know a person is tipsy, drunk, intoxicated or has drunk too much? Can we see him through his red eyes, rosy cheeks, or his poorly articulated voice? There are many signs and symptoms of poisoning that you can easily recognize with a little practice and research.
Part 1 of 3: recognize the physical signs of drunkenness
Step 1. See if the person's eyes are glassy
See if his eyes are glassy or bloodshot. A person's eyes say a lot about their physical and mental state at any given time. If her eyes are glassy and bloodshot, it's a sign that she's been drinking too much. Also, if her eyes are narrowed and have trouble keeping them open, it could also be a sign of intoxication.
Note: Bloodshot eyes can be a sign of an allergy or other medical problem. Remember to find out about any allergies before interpreting this symptom as a sign of intoxication
Step 2. Smell its scent
Although poisoning means being under the influence of different substances, the smell is a telltale sign for most people. Both alcohol and marijuana have a very strong odor that can be detected long after the substance has been consumed. Smell the person and see if you can identify any hints of alcohol or weed on their breath or on their clothes.
For a parent looking for signs of intoxication in their child, this method is the most effective
Step 3. Look for any disruption of motor functions
People who are intoxicated are unable to perform everyday tasks as easily as when they are sober. For example, they cannot walk in a straight line, properly light a cigarette, spill their glass, or have difficulty picking up certain objects.
Be aware that disruption of motor functions can be caused by many other problems, such as Parkinson's disease or stroke
Step 4. Consider the build of the person
Although alcohol affects everyone the same, the speed at which it works varies with different parameters. Size, gender, frequency of drinking, level of alcohol in each drink, amount of food consumed, and additional drug use should be taken into account when calculating how quickly the drink affects a person..
For example, a 70 kg man will feel the effects of the drink faster than a 115 kg man even if they drink the exact same amount of alcohol. Why ? Because the 115 kg man has a higher tolerance to alcohol since his body takes longer to assimilate it
Part 2 of 3: Recognizing the Behavioral Signs of Drunkenness
Step 1. Check for possible loss of inhibition
When a person becomes more talkative and can no longer control themselves in public, they begin to show signs of intoxication. Less reserved behavior than usual and even mood swings should also be heard.
- For example, tantrums or inappropriate comments can be a sign of intoxication.
- It is possible that an intoxicated person is more willing to spend their money. The loss of inhibition pushes him to focus on the pleasant sensation provided by the drink rather than on his expenses. He may also pay strangers or acquaintances to drink.
- On the other hand, most people like to smoke while drinking. Smokers generally smoke more when they drink, and most non-smokers smoke their occasional cigarette at this time. This is another sign of intoxication.
Step 2. Listen to the volume of his voice
There are many other signs of poisoning that you can spot just by paying attention to how a person speaks. If she speaks too loud or too softly, she is showing signs of intoxication.
Step 3. See if the person has difficulty speaking
A bad joint is almost always a clear sign of poisoning. If you see that a person (your child, your client, or anyone else) is having difficulty articulating their words, especially if it becomes difficult to interpret exactly what they are saying, there is chances are she's intoxicated.
Once again, a bad joint can be a side effect of another disease or even a warning sign of a stroke. Do not immediately assume that a person is intoxicated if they speak their words poorly
Step 4. Pay attention to what the person is saying
When a person thinks more about their words, speaks slower than usual, or repeats themselves too often, they may be intoxicated. Pay attention to these verbal cues to identify heavy drinking.
Step 5. See how the person interacts with others
As their blood alcohol level increases, a person will gradually exercise poor judgment. This is inappropriate behavior that would not normally occur. Bad language, bad jokes, and grossly inappropriate behavior are evidence of poor judgment, especially if the person has never acted in the past. Drinking more than right or participating in binge drinking is also a sign of poor judgment.
For example, inappropriate sexual advances, unpleasant comments and bad jokes are signs of intoxication
Step 6. Interpret the person's mood
People who are intoxicated often have regular mood swings (they are happy and laugh a second before they cry and become aggressive the next). If the mood of the person in front of you seems out of proportion to normal, they may be intoxicated.
For example, if she is drinking and seems in a good mood, but suddenly starts crying, it could be a sign of intoxication
Step 7. Look for signs through communication tools
Sometimes it is important to be able to detect a person's poisoning even if you are not in the same room.
- The calls. The intoxicated person may phone their ex or keep calling someone. His inhibition is at its lowest and calling over and over again does not seem disruptive or rude to him. In addition, she may not feel responsible for her actions.
- The messages. Signs of intoxication to look for in text messages are misspellings, over-emotional emotionality, and receiving message (s) at a late and unusual time.
Step 8. Consider alcohol tolerance
Be aware that it is possible to develop a tolerance for alcohol, but that does not legally mean that you are not intoxicated. It only means that it is more difficult to recognize poisoning visually. For some people with an exceptional tolerance to alcohol, counting the number of drinks is the only way to go, but it is not without risk.
If you are a bartender trying to figure out whether or not to continue giving someone alcohol, count the number of drinks you have served them. You can even ask a friend of theirs how many drinks they've had or if they think the person is drunk
Part 3 of 3: Helping a Drunk Person
Step 1. Ask the person to stop drinking
Once the person who drinks alcohol begins to show signs of intoxication, ask them to stop drinking. The first signs of intoxication are slurred speech, slow or awkward movements, loss of balance, throwing objects (for example, goods, money or keys) or loss of memory in the middle of a sentence.
- To get a person to stop drinking, address them calmly as a friend. Tell her that you think she has drunk too much, that you are scared, and that you would feel better if she stops drinking for the rest of the evening. Appeal to his sense of friendship if necessary (he will do you a favor by stopping drinking).
- If he refuses to quit, take more drastic action. If you are in a bar, tell the bartender that you think the person has been drinking too much and ask them to stop giving them alcohol. If you are in a private place like a house, hide the rest of the alcohol. The intoxicated person will not be as attentive as usual because of the drink, and it will be relatively easy to hide the alcohol without them noticing.
Step 2. Keep him company
When a person begins to lose his motor functions or his sense of coordination, he should not be left alone at the risk of becoming a danger to himself and to others. Tripping, staggering, losing depth awareness, throwing things over and over, or having trouble picking them up are all signs that a person is intoxicated.
Step 3. Take her home
If you see that a person is very intoxicated in a public place like a bar or restaurant, help them get home so they can enjoy a good bed and go to bed. You can bring her back yourself, call her a taxi, offer to call a friend of her, or contact a specialist driver if there is one in your area.
Step 4. Prevent her from getting behind the wheel
Drinking and driving is extremely dangerous not only for the driver, but also for anyone who crosses his path. Sometimes people make the wrong decisions when they drink too much and are unaware of their own level of intoxication. The result: they drive when they shouldn't. To prevent someone from driving drunk, help them get home in another way, either by notifying the bartender or the police or by stealing their car keys.
Step 5. Make sure the person is safe
People are a danger to themselves when they are intoxicated. This is all the more true if the person concerned has long since passed the stage of mere drunkenness. Several dangers must be considered. For example, we know that some people die of suffocation in their own vomit when they are drunk. If you are helping someone get home, make sure they are lying on their side so they don't end up choking on their vomit.
If you see someone who is particularly drunk, but it's not their habit, or if they've only had a drink, someone may have drugged them. In other words, someone poured something into their glass (this is usually Rohypnol) to cause them to lose control of their muscles and prevent them from resisting possible aggression
Step 6. Go to a doctor
Go to a doctor if you think the person is suffering from alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning is a particularly serious problem that occurs when you drink more alcohol than your body can handle. In the worst case, this phenomenon can cause death. If you think someone you know is suffering from alcohol poisoning, see a doctor immediately. Some of the symptoms of alcohol poisoning include:
- slow breathing
- loss of consciousness
- pale skin
Step 7. Keep the other causes in mind
Many medical problems can make a person appear to be drunk. For example, a person with stroke may have a sagging face, difficulty in articulation, confusion and dizziness, difficulty walking, and many other symptoms.
- If the person is showing symptoms of intoxication without drinking, if the symptoms have popped up out of nowhere, or you are just not sure, do a few simple tests to see if they are having a stroke. Ask him to smile, raise both arms above his head or repeat a simple sentence. If part of her face sags, her smile is asymmetrical, if she can't lift one of her arms, or if she can't repeat the sentence and seems to be searching for his words, it is possible that she. is having a stroke and requires urgent medical assistance.
- It is possible that a person with diabetes exhibits what can be interpreted as "drunken behavior" while having ketoacidosis. This happens when the body runs out of insulin and acids called ketones build up in the blood. If you also notice that a person has fruity breath even though they haven't had any fruit drinks, they may have ketoacidosis and need immediate medical attention.
- Problems like Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and ataxia affect movement and make a person feel stressed or unable to balance. Don't immediately assume that someone who is having difficulty balancing is drunk.
- Consider the option of purchasing a breathalyzer. You will find them at an affordable price and the size of a keychain to know without ambiguity if a person is drunk or not.
- When you try to find out a person's blood alcohol level, the type of alcohol does not make any difference if the dose served is known. Alcohol is considered a drug. Its quantity in a 350 ml glass of beer, in 145 ml of wine, in 30 ml of spirits at 50 ° or in 45 ml of liquor at 40 ° is the same. The only difference is how often a person consumes these drinks.
- With blood alcohol levels below 150 mg / dl, visible signs of intoxication are not 100% reliable in most drinkers, and the possibility of identifying signs of intoxication is even less plausible.
- In most people, reliable signs of intoxication are visible by superficial observation starting at 150 mg / dl of alcohol in the blood. This is true even in individuals who tolerate the drink well.
- In some countries overt intoxication means that if someone has drunk a large amount of drinks, they should clearly show drunkenness and inability to drive. Others define visible poisoning by specific behaviors such as difficulty walking or speaking and other common signs of alcohol poisoning.
- John Brick, chief executive of In toxin International, said the most damaging consequence of excessive alcohol consumption was driving while intoxicated and that it remained difficult for seasoned observers to identify precisely the poisoning since many factors contribute to it. “It is important to understand and recognize intoxication because of the risk of accidents that can result from it,” he said.