3 ways to be smarter than others

3 ways to be smarter than others
3 ways to be smarter than others
Anonim

There are things you can do to be smarter about someone, whether it's to change someone's mind during a chat or to try to convince your parents to buy you a new phone. While there is no guaranteed way to be smarter than everyone, since everyone is different, you can achieve great results by making sure you have solid arguments and knowing what. say and how to react.

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Be smarter during a chat

Outsmart People Step 1

Step 1. Prepare

If you know that your grandfather is going to bring out his litany on "the kids of today", try to come to this family reunion having had plenty of facts about the qualities of the young people of your generation, the problems they face and so on.

  • You can always prepare to start a discussion, but there are things you can do to be more likely to come out of unstoppable arguments.
  • Try to know as much as possible about a subject, if it is very important to you. In doing so, you have facts to support your views, even if you are not prepared for a specific discussion.
  • Make sure you understand how to make a compelling argument, see the relevant paragraph. You should avoid falling into certain argument errors.
Outsmart People Step 2

Step 2. Know who your audience is

Your argument will not be the same, depending on the type of people participating in a discussion and those following the conversation. The fewer people to deal with, the better off you'll be, since you won't need to consider a bunch of different arguments.

Going back to the example of the grandfather, you are not going to engage with him in a stormy discussion in front of all the members of your family. It's not going to encourage him to back down, no matter how stupid his arguments are. Instead, you should talk to him one-on-one, away from other family members to observe you

Outsmart People Step 3

Step 3. Keep Calm

The person who does not know how to keep his cool is also the one who does not succeed. No matter how much you brandish the most indisputable facts, you will not be immune from error if you are beside yourself.

  • Take a deep breath when you feel like you are getting angry or when you are having trouble controlling your emotions.
  • This is also the reason why it is so important to listen carefully to what the other is saying. You'll be less likely to overreact if you can focus on what you're saying and take the time to consider your response.
Outsmart People Step 4

Step 4. Ask questions

It was the preferred tactic of philosophers like Socrates. Asking questions has many subtle advantages in a discussion: it allows you to keep control of the reasoning, because you take the lead in the discussion and put pressure on your partner's arguments. and to highlight certain contradictions or weaknesses in your opponent's reasoning.

Ask others for evidence or references to back up their words. If, for example, you are discussing the conflict in Gaza with someone and all kinds of things are being said loosely, ask them to provide proof of what they are saying

Outsmart People Step 5

Step 5. Imitate the person in front of you

You should create some kind of camaraderie bond with the person in front of you. This brings down the other's defenses, they will be more comfortable and they will feel less attacked, but it will also encourage them to listen to you better.

  • Try to subtly imitate the way they speak. You're not going to do it to make fun of their way of speaking, but because you want to talk to them on an equal basis. So, you better have a language full of good old colloquialisms when talking to your grandfather, rather than a vocabulary full of buzzwords that he doesn't understand.
  • You should also discreetly imitate the gestures of your partner. Make sure you reproduce the other person's actions after the fact and more imperfectly. You risk attracting the attention of your opponent if you reproduce their body language too faithfully. If, for example, your grandfather has a habit of crossing his legs and leaning forward, wait a few seconds and do the same.
Outsmart People Step 6

Step 6. Don't assume that you know each other's arguments in advance

Believing that you know your opponent's arguments is a sure way to end up without an effective response. Prepare as much as possible based on what your opponent might say, but leave room for the unexpected.

Make sure you listen to what the other person is saying. Ask the other to repeat if you didn't understand something or if you lost the thread of the conversation

Outsmart People Step 7

Step 7. Make your opponent doubt

If you can destabilize your opponent, their argument is irrelevant, whether or not it is more relevant than yours. Always be sure of what you are saying.

  • Throws a well-felt reprieve: "You are on the defensive" or "It's irrelevant" or "What are your references? This type of expression will surely annoy people and will have the advantage of putting them on their guard, even if it was not the case before.
  • You should be cautious at this point in the discussion, as you wouldn't want this to escalate into personal attacks, what is called an ad hominem attack, which should be avoided.
  • Focus only on a few of their points, especially the ones you know you can't beat. Be sure that you won once you dismantle these arguments.

Method 2 of 3: Be smarter with the right preparation

Outsmart People Step 8

Step 1. Use acronyms in your arguments

This is the type of argument that relies on logic and reason. It tends to be backed up by facts and references and is often based on inductive and deductive reasoning.

  • Inductive reasoning means presenting a case or facts and drawing conclusions from them. So you have to base this type of reasoning on a lot of hard evidence.
  • Deductive reasoning usually begins with a generalization or conclusion and then applies to a specific case. However, you have to base your generalization on a lot of reliable evidence. Distorting the facts will not help you.
Outsmart People Step 9

Step 2. Use ethics

Ethics appeals to the personality, credibility or reliability of one source offered by the other. You can make yourself credible and verify the authenticity of your sources in the following ways.

  • Compare your sources several times with other references to be sure that your argument is supported by several statements.
  • Make sure that you or the author you are quoting have current and factual claims and not just claims made by unauthorized sources.
  • Make sure you understand your position and the nature of your sources. These should be clear and obvious from the outset.
Outsmart People Step 10

Step 3. Appeal to your feelings at least once

This is called “pathos” and it appeals to the needs, values ​​and sensitivity of the adversary. There is room for emotion in a discussion as long as you don't base your arguments on this one criterion.

  • Appealing to the emotions of the other is especially very useful to deliver an argument that is persuasive. If, for example, you were discussing the situation in Gaza, you might combine facts about the number of Palestinians killed with a description of the history of a specific family.
  • Don't base your argument on pathos alone and only use it when it really reinforces the claim you are making. You are not going to play with the emotions of others to distract from the discussion or debate at hand.
Outsmart People Step 11

Step 4. Stick to a handful of strengths

If you have too many arguments, you will have a hard time developing them all at once. You should have some strengths that you are very sure of and for which you have good references.

Outsmart People Step 12

Step 5. Don't use personal attacks in your arguments

You do it when you assault someone on their appearance or personality and not on their opinions. While this can confuse someone to the point where they lose the thread of the discussion, it will also put you in a very bad position.

  • This kind of attack will also be more likely to encourage the other to no longer want to hear your own arguments.
  • If the other person attacks you in this way, draw his or her attention to what he or she is doing and let him know that your appearance or your personality has nothing to do with the discussion at hand. This person's arguments must be very poor if they are to resort to this type of attack.
Outsmart People Step 13

Step 6. Don't make hasty generalizations

It happens when you draw a conclusion from biased and false information. This is what happens when you jump to a conclusion too quickly or when you rush into a discussion without having gathered the facts or considering the problem in advance.

Probe the person if they are generalizing too much. Ask him questions. Ask him to cite his sources, where his information comes from and so on

Method 3 of 3: Be smarter than an authority figure

Outsmart People Step 14

Step 1. Find the right time

Unfortunately, there is no way to be smarter every time than an authority figure like a parent or teacher. There are times, however, when these experts are easier to persuade.

  • You are not likely to convince your parents if you try to extort something from them when they have just come home from a hard day at work. In reality, you will have done everything to never get what you want.
  • Likewise, you won't get the extra time you ask for to complete your assignment if you do it in front of the whole class instead of having a private interview with your teacher.
Outsmart People Step 15

Step 2. Soften your opponent

Very few people are indifferent to a little flattery or praise. However, it is important that you do it only from time to time, otherwise we risk seeing clearly in your maneuvers.

  • Don't hesitate to give compliments. If, for example, you're trying to convince your mom to buy you a new phone, tell her that you appreciate the effort she puts into her job.
  • Compliment the opponent so that it's not too obvious or at least not directly related to what you want to get from the person. You can tell your homeroom teacher that she is also your favorite because she is always willing to make the effort to help you.
Outsmart People Step 16

Step 3. Give your opponent a reason why they can take advantage of the situation as well

People will be more likely to help you or give you something if they see it as a personal benefit. Authority figures are no different from others in this regard.

If, for example, you're trying to get a new phone, you can tell your mom that you want to be sure she can reach you whenever she needs it

Outsmart People Step 17

Step 4. Find a middle ground

You are more likely to get what you want from an authority figure if you prove that you are mature enough to find a middle ground in a request. It is good that you prepare yourself so that you know exactly what you can offer in return.

You could, for example, tell your mom that you've already set aside half the price of that new phone and ask her if you could cover half of the cost

Outsmart People Step 18

Step 5. Make a blatant lie to hide another, less obvious one

It's a little different from the previous step, but if you have to lie, a fantastic way to cover up a mischief is to release a really blatant lie along with a less obvious one. One will focus on the most obvious lie and one will probably not notice the other.

  • Gives the impression of not being very good at lying. Tell a really obvious lie by behaving like a liar, staring shyly, giggling nervously, looking embarrassed and the like.
  • It is also better if the lie you are covering up is more of a half-truth than a complete lie. It is easier to lie by omission or to tell a lie that has a basis of truth.

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