How to achieve nirvana (with pictures)

How to achieve nirvana (with pictures)
How to achieve nirvana (with pictures)

The Four Noble Truths are the very foundation of Buddhism and enable human beings to put an end to the suffering they experience. According to these teachings, life is filled with pain, suffering has a beginning (cause) and an end and it is possible to reach nirvana to end it. The Noble Path describes in detail what must be done to achieve nirvana in life. In other words, the Four Noble Truths describe the sickness of human existence and the Noble Path is the remedy that leads to healing. Understanding these truths and following this path will lead you to a life filled with peace and happiness.


Part 1 of 3: Respect the 8 characteristics of the Noble Path

Attain Nirvana Step 1

Step 1. Meditate regularly

Meditation is essential for changing the way the mind works and getting closer to nirvana. Therefore, you should make it a key aspect of your daily life. While it is possible to learn to meditate on your own, a master can guide you and teach you the best techniques. Try to meditate on your own, but be aware that it is best to meditate in a group and under the supervision of a Buddhist teacher.

You cannot achieve nirvana without meditation. Meditation will indeed help you to understand yourself better and to understand the world better

Attain Nirvana Step 2

Step 2. Right Thinking (Right Thinking)

The Buddhist precepts (ie the four noble truths) represent the lenses through which one can see the world. If you cannot accept them, you will be unable to follow the other steps that lead to nirvana. Right thinking and right understanding are the building blocks of this path. See the world as it is, not the way you want it to be. Try to understand reality as a whole through a lens that allows you to be objective. In other words, analyze, study and learn.

  • The four noble truths are the foundation of right understanding. You must understand that these teachings describe reality as it really is.
  • Nothing is perfect or unchanging. Think critically about situations instead of judging them with personal feelings, desires, and concerns.
Attain Nirvana Step 3

Step 3. Have good intentions (the right intention)

Strive to acquire an attitude consistent with your values. Act as if all life deserves compassion and love. This attitude applies to you and to others. Cast out all selfish, hateful, or cruel thoughts. Non-violence and love must prevail.

Respect all living beings (plants, animals and people), whatever their status. For example, treat the rich and the poor alike. Every human should be treated equally, regardless of their background, age, ethnicity or social background

Attain Nirvana Step 4

Step 4. Speak the truth (fair word)

The third element is right speech. Right speech is not to lie, disparage, gossip, or speak rudely. Instead, you should be righteous and kind. Your words should support and encourage others. You also need to know when to stay silent and not interfere.

Practicing right speech should be a daily practice

Attain Nirvana Step 5

Step 5. Behave well (the right action)

Actions flow from our thoughts and feelings. Treat yourself and others with kindness. Don't destroy your life or steal. Live a peaceful life and help people to live the same way. Be honest, interact with others. For example, don't deceive or mislead others to get what you want.

Your actions and presence should be positive and able to improve the lives of others and of society as a whole

Attain Nirvana Step 6

Step 6. Choose a correct lifestyle

Embrace a professional career that aligns with your beliefs. Do not do work that might harm others, require the sacrifice of animals, or involve deception. It is important to avoid selling weapons and drugs or working in a slaughterhouse. No matter what profession you choose, practice it with integrity.

For example, if you are in commerce, do not use deception or lies to convince people to buy a product

Attain Nirvana Step 7

Step 7. Practice the right effort

You will be successful if you put real effort into your actions. Free the mind from all negative thoughts and focus on positive thoughts. Put enthusiasm in everything you do (study, work, friendships, passions, etc.). You need to constantly practice adopting a constructive mindset, as this is not always a spontaneous process. In doing so, you will mentally prepare yourself to practice mindfulness. The four principles of right effort are as follows.

  • Avoid the appearance of unhealthy and malicious states (sexual desire, malice, worry, doubt, agitation).
  • To get rid of the evil and unhealthy mental states already manifested, counter them with positive thoughts, redirecting attention to something else, or analyzing the origin of your thoughts.
  • Cultivate positive and healthy states.
  • Maintain and enhance positive states.
Attain Nirvana Step 8

Step 8. Practice mindfulness

Mindfulness allows you to see reality and the world as they really are. The four pillars of mindfulness are bodily contemplation, feelings, phenomena, and states of mind. When you practice mindfulness, you live in the present moment and are open to all experience in its entirety. You should focus on the present, not the past or the future. Pay attention to your body, your feelings, your ideas, your thoughts and your surroundings.

  • Living in the present moment frees you from past or future desires.
  • Practicing mindfulness also comes down to paying attention to the feelings, emotions and bodily dimensions of others.
Attain Nirvana Step 9

Step 9. Focus your mind

Right mental focus is the ability to direct thought to a single object without being distracted by outside influences. Passing the entire path will allow you to learn to focus. Thus, your mind is focused and free from stress and anxiety. You build a better relationship with yourself and the world. Correct concentration allows you to clearly see situations as they really are.

Concentration is like mindfulness, except that when you concentrate you don't realize all the feelings and sensations. Suppose you are focusing on a test: you are only thinking about passing. If you practice mindfulness on this occasion, you will be aware of any sensations you may experience during the exam, the behavior of people around you, or the posture you adopt

Part 2 of 3: Living Nirvana Everyday

Attain Nirvana Step 10

Step 1. Practice loving kindness (metta bhavana)

Metta means benevolence, kindness and friendship. It is a feeling that comes from the heart and must be cultivated and demonstrated. Usually, loving kindness is practiced in five steps. If you are a beginner, try to spend 5 minutes on each step.

  • Step 1: Feel the metta for yourself. Focus on the feelings of strength, tranquility, confidence, and peace. Try repeating the phrase, "May I be well and happy." "
  • Step 2: Think about a friend and all the things you love about them. You can repeat the phrase, "May he be well and happy." "
  • Step 3: Think of someone you have neutral feelings for. You don't like and hate him either. Just think of him as a human being and send him your metta feelings.
  • Step 4: Think of someone you hate. Instead of thinking about why you can't stand him and having thoughts of hate for him, send him your feelings of metta.
  • Step 5: In this step, think about everyone, including yourself. Project your metta thoughts onto each of them, your city, your neighborhood, your country and the world.
Attain Nirvana Step 11

Step 2. Practice mindfulness of the breath

This form of mediation will teach us to focus and concentrate our thoughts. It helps us practice mindfulness, release stress and relax. Sit comfortably. Make sure your spine is straight and relaxed. Your shoulders should be straight and slightly back. Then put your hands on a pillow or in your lap. Once you have taken this pose, start going through the different stages. You should spend at least 5 minutes for each step.

  • Step 1: Mentally count to ten after each breath (inhale-exhale 1, inhale-exhale 2, etc.). Repeat when you reach 10. Concentrate only on your breathing and keep your attention on the inhale and exhale. If your mind is wandering (and it will), simply control your thoughts by focusing on your breathing.
  • 2nd step: continue to breathe in cycles of 10, but this time count before inhaling (1 inhale-exhale, 2 inhale-exhale and so on). Concentrate on the bodily sensations during inhalation.
  • 3rd step: inhale and exhale without counting. Try to think of breathing as a continuous process and not just a series of inhales and exhales.
  • Step 4: Now you should focus on feeling the air coming in and out of your body. It could be the feeling of the air on your upper lip or in your nostrils.
Attain Nirvana Step 12

Step 3. Assert yourself and support others

The goal of Buddhism is to achieve peace in oneself and to share this experience with others. Achieving nirvana is not only for our personal well-being, it is also useful to the whole world. You have to become a source of support and inspiration to others. It's very simple: you can give someone a hug if they're feeling down. If you love someone or receive a gesture of kindness from them, let them know how you feel. Let people know how grateful you are and appreciate them. If you know someone who has had a hard day, don't hesitate to listen to them.

Attain Nirvana Step 13

Step 4. Be nice to people

Your happiness is closely linked to that of others. Showing compassion to others makes everyone feel happy. There are many ways to cultivate compassion.

  • Turn off your cell phone when you are with your friends and family.
  • Look your partner in the eye and listen to her without interrupting.
  • Volunteer in your community.
  • Open the door to people.
  • Put yourself in other people's shoes. For example, if a person is upset, accept the situation and try to understand what is going on. Ask him what you can do to help him. Listen to her and show some interest in her feelings.
Attain Nirvana Step 14

Step 5. Be aware

When practicing mindfulness, one should pay attention to one's thoughts and feelings in the present moment. This is not only a meditative technique, but also an approach to take in everyday life. For example, when you eat, shower, or get dressed in the morning, try to be aware of what you are doing. To get started, choose an activity and practice it with your attention focused on how your body feels and how you breathe.

  • If you want to practice mindfulness while eating, focus on the taste, smell, and texture of the food you eat.
  • When doing the dishes, pay attention to the water temperature, how your hands feel when cleaning and rinsing the dishes.
  • When you get dressed in the morning, instead of listening to music or watching TV, do it in silence. Write down everything you feel. Do you feel tired or full of energy when you get out of bed? What physical sensations do you experience when you wear clothes or take a shower?

Part 3 of 3: Know the Four Noble Truths

Attain Nirvana Step 15

Step 1. Identify the suffering

Buddha describes suffering in a different way from what we generally think. Suffering is an integral part of life and is inevitable. The Sanskrit term dukkha means that all is suffering. For us human beings, the word suffering is synonymous with illness, aging, trauma, physical or emotional pain. But Buddha describes suffering in a different way: he describes suffering as mostly unfulfilled desires and a longing (envy) for anything. Desires and cravings are the cause of suffering, because people rarely feel satisfied or fulfilled. As soon as one desire is satisfied, another arises and it is a vicious circle.

Dukha etymologically means something that is difficult to bear. Suffering is a broad spectrum category that includes both larger and smaller aspects

Attain Nirvana Step 16

Step 2. Identify the causes of the suffering

Ignorance and desire are the root of our suffering. The dissatisfaction of desires is the worst suffering. For example, when you are sick you are in pain and you want to feel better. Your unfulfilled desire for good health is much more difficult to bear than the discomfort caused by illness. The moment you want something, a person, an opportunity, or to achieve something that you cannot, suffering manifests itself.

  • The only thing guaranteed to us in life is aging, death and disease.
  • Please note that your wishes will never be granted. Once you have achieved or obtained something, you start to want something else. The incessant and uncontrollable desire prevents you from achieving true happiness.
Attain Nirvana Step 17

Step 3. End your suffering

Each of the four truths is a starting point. Since all is suffering and suffering is due to our desires, then the only way to end it is to stop wanting something. You have to believe that you don't have to be in pain and that you can stop being. To stop it, you need to see things differently and learn to control your cravings.

You will be able to live free and content if you are in control of your wants and desires

Not Let Your Life Revolve Around Your Boyfriend Step 3

Step 4. Stop suffering in life

The cessation of suffering is achievable with the Noble Eightfold Path. The path to nirvana can be summed up in three concepts. First, you must have good intentions and develop a righteous mindset. Second, you need to put your good intentions into practice in your day-to-day life. Finally, you need to understand reality as it really is and have correct opinions about everything.

  • The Noble Eightfold Path can be divided into three categories: wisdom (right vision, right intention), ethical conduct (right speech, right action, right sustenance), and mental preparation (right effort., right mindfulness and right concentration).
  • This journey teaches us how to live our daily life.


  • It is surely not easy to achieve nirvana. It can take a long time. Even if it seems impossible, keep trying.
  • The Eightfold Path is not linear. It's a trip you take every day.
  • Sooner or later, those who seek to attain nirvana must let go.
  • Find what you love and do more.
  • Independent practice is essential to achieve nirvana. A master will only help you to grow and become spiritually autonomous. Its role is not to make you dependent on it and make you relive your childhood, even if it is very common.
  • Awakening may disappear, but knowledge remains for life.
  • Awakening remains and deepens over time.
  • Awakening often occurs during serious personal crises.
  • Concentrate on the practice, and maybe you will achieve the goal.It is worth focusing on the goal, as the practice is not going to last.
  • Try to find groups of awakened practitioners on the Internet. They have resources to help you.
  • Have some doubts throughout your spiritual journey.

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