How to overcome vertigo: 12 steps (with pictures)

How to overcome vertigo: 12 steps (with pictures)
How to overcome vertigo: 12 steps (with pictures)
Anonim

Dizziness is a general, nonspecific term often used to describe a variety of associated symptoms, such as feeling faint, dizzy, nauseous, weak, or unsteady. If you have the impression that you or those around you are spinning, we speak more specifically of dizziness. It's a common cause for medical attention and it's uncomfortable or bothersome, but it's not usually a serious, life-threatening condition. There are many ways to overcome dizziness at home, but you should be aware of the signs that indicate the need for medical intervention.

Steps

Part 1 of 2: Overcome Dizziness at Home

Overcome Dizziness Step 1

Step 1. Reduce your stress or anxiety

High stress levels can cause changes in breathing rate and hormone levels. This can cause dizziness or lightheadedness and nausea. Some anxiety disorders, such as panic attacks or various phobias, also cause dizziness. So, you need to reduce stress as well as anxiety in your life as much as possible by communicating your feelings and trying to resolve relationship conflicts. Being less overwhelmed can decrease your dizziness.

  • Sometimes a change of job, reduced working hours, a different schedule, or working more from home can reduce stress and anxiety issues.
  • Natural stress reduction practices that you can try at home include meditation, yoga, tai chi, and deep breathing exercises. It can be helpful to watch videos online before you begin.
Overcome Dizziness Step 2

Step 2. Drink more water

Another common cause of dizziness, especially lightheadedness, is acute or chronic (long-term) dehydration. If your body does not have enough water (due to vomiting, diarrhea, fever, or insufficient hydration in hot weather), your blood will become thicker and your brain will not receive the oxygen it needs., which can cause dizziness. In addition, dehydration also causes overheating (hyperthermia), another common cause of dizziness. That is why you should drink more water, especially on hot and humid days, and see if it has a positive effect on your condition.

  • Try to drink about 8 250 ml glasses of water per day if you are physically active or on hot days.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol and caffeinated drinks like coffee, black tea, sodas, or energy drinks. Alcohol and caffeine are diuretics, which means they make you urinate more often.
Overcome Dizziness Step 3

Step 3. Eat something easy to digest

Hypoglycemia is another common cause of dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, and general lethargy. This is a common problem in people with diabetes who take too much insulin or in people who skip breakfast and are too busy to eat the rest of the day. Your brain needs enough glucose in the blood to function properly. Therefore, if you have diabetes, consider changing the amount of insulin you inject (with your doctor's consent) or eating something your stomach can digest quickly and see if your dizziness goes away. In hypoglycemia, dizziness is often accompanied by sweating and confusion.

  • Sweet fresh fruits (especially bananas and ripe blueberries), fruit juices (especially sweet apple or grape juice), white bread, ice cream, and honey are all good foods to eat for increasing quickly. blood sugar levels.
  • Conversely, a constant excess of sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia) can cause dizziness due to dehydration and hyperacidity. Chronic hyperglycemia usually occurs in people with undiagnosed or untreated diabetes.
Overcome Dizziness Step 4

Step 4. Get up slowly

The most common cause of short-lived dizziness, especially in older people, is a condition called orthostatic hypotension. This disease occurs in people with relatively low blood pressure (especially systolic count) and who get up too quickly from a lying or sitting position. When they stand up quickly, the pressure in the arteries that supply blood to their heads is insufficient to compensate quickly enough, so that the brain receives less oxygen for a few seconds than usual. This results in temporary dizziness or a feeling of weakness. If this seems to be the cause of your dizziness, take extra time to stand up and be sure to lean on something stable to keep your balance.

  • If you get up from a lying position, first sit down for a few moments before getting up fully.
  • Chronic hypotension can be caused by taking too much blood pressure medication, muscle relaxants, or vasodilators, such as Viagra or other similar drugs for erectile dysfunction.
  • Problems with peripheral nerves, dehydration, and other medications can also cause hypotension.
Overcome Dizziness Step 5

Step 5. Get more sleep

Lack of sleep, both in quantity and quality, is another possible cause of dizziness, brain fog, and general drowsiness. Chronic poor sleep habits are associated with higher levels of stress, hypertension, depression, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, all of which can cause dizziness to varying degrees. Sleep disruption is linked to chronic anxiety, emotional or psychological trauma, chronic pain, caffeine consumption, over-medication, restless legs syndrome, and many other problems, such as narcolepsy and sleep apnea (intense snoring). So turn off the television or computer, go to bed a little earlier, and avoid caffeinated drinks (coffee, black tea, soda) at least 8 hours before bedtime.

  • Sleeping late on the weekend is good and you may feel more rested or less dizzy, but you will never be able to properly "catch up" to the sleep you lost during the work week.
  • Natural sleep aids you can take shortly before bed include chamomile tea, valerian root extract, magnesium (which relaxes muscles), and melatonin (a hormone that regulates sleep and rhythms). circadians).
Overcome Dizziness Step 6

Step 6. Avoid head trauma

Head injuries from car crashes and contact sports are a common cause of mild to moderate brain damage, usually called contusions or concussions. The main symptoms of a concussion are dizziness, as well as a dull headache, nausea, brain fog, and ringing in the ears. Head injuries tend to be cumulative, meaning they get worse with each injury and over time, so try to reduce the risk of hitting your head.

  • Sports like boxing, football, rugby, and ice hockey are particularly risky for people with severe head injuries.
  • Always wear your seat belt while driving (to avoid a whiplash) and avoid activities that shake your head and neck, like jumping on a trampoline, bungee jumping, or roller coasters.

Part 2 of 2: Seeking medical assistance

Overcome Dizziness Step 7

Step 1. Learn about the side effects of medications

In fact, almost all drugs (whether over the counter or prescription) list vertigo as a potential side effect, but it is more common with some. In particular, blood pressure medications, water pills, sedatives, tranquilizers, antidepressants, strong pain relievers, and some antibiotics are more likely to cause dizziness. However, ask your family doctor if any of the medications you are taking or if the combination of your medications may be involved.

  • Never stop taking any medicine on a whim without asking your doctor's advice, even if you think it is causing your dizziness. It is better to wean yourself off or switch to a similar drug.
  • Due to the complexity of chemical interactions in the body, it is virtually impossible to predict how more than 2 drugs may interact with each other.
Overcome Dizziness Step 8

Step 2. Talk to your doctor about cold and flu symptoms

Viral infections that cause colds and flu are primarily respiratory pathogens. This means that most of the symptoms affect the lungs, throat, sinuses, and inner ears. Thus, the build-up of mucus and other fluids can obstruct the airways or the inner ear, causing dizziness and loss of balance. If this is the cause of your dizziness, simply wait a few days, hydrate yourself, and clear your sinuses by gently blowing your nose in a tissue or rinsing them with warm salt water.

  • Blocking your nose and trying to blow your nose is a good way to clear the eustachian tubes, which go from the throat to the middle ear. The tubes help equalize the pressure on either side of the eardrum, and dizziness or lack of balance are often the result of their obstruction.
  • Other illnesses often associated with vertigo are allergies, migraines, and anemia (a low number of red blood cells).
Overcome Dizziness Step 9

Step 3. Have your blood pressure checked

As mentioned above, low (hypotension) or high (hypertension) blood pressure can cause dizziness, so ask your family doctor to measure yours. In general, blood pressure should be below 120 (systolic) and above 80 (diastolic). Of these two conditions, hypertension is the more dangerous and the one which is sometimes a symptom of heart disease. In fact, most serious heart problems, such as cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle), congestive heart failure, and arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), cause high blood pressure and greatly increase the risk of chronic and recurring dizziness..

  • If you have a heart attack or stroke, less blood will flow to your brain, which will cause dizziness and other symptoms. Your doctor will give you an electrocardiogram (ECG) to rule out the possibility of a heart attack.
  • The ironic thing is that drugs to reduce high blood pressure are known to cause dizziness.
Overcome Dizziness Step 10

Step 4. Take a blood sugar test

As noted above, both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia can cause dizziness. If you have diabetes and hypoglycaemia, your doctor may adjust your insulin level so that you take less. However, if you are hyperglycemic, it may be a sign that you have developed diabetes. Your doctor will then take a blood sugar test, which measures the amount of glucose, a major source of energy for the brain and most other cells in the body. Normal levels for a fasting blood sugar test are between 70 and 100 mg / dl.

  • You can buy glucometers at pharmacies. You will need to prick your finger to get a blood sample. Without fasting, normal levels should be below 125 mg / dl for general reference.
  • Short-term hyperglycemia can also be caused by consuming a large amount of refined sugar, which can cause dizziness.
Overcome Dizziness Step 11

Step 5. Get an ear specialist recommended

If your dizziness is severe and debilitating and you feel the world is spinning around you, you are probably suffering from vertigo. Vertigo may be due to mild positional vertigo (a spinning sensation when you move), labyrinthitis (a viral infection of the inner ear), or Ménière's disease (a buildup of fluid in the ear internal). Generally speaking, vertigo results from a change in the balancing mechanism in the inner ear (the vestibular system) or the connections of this mechanism to the brain. Your vestibular system thinks you are moving, when you are not, which creates a sensation of rotation. However, vertigo often resolves on its own because the body usually adjusts to the cause of the problem.

  • Benign positional vertigo often occurs when crystals inside the ear move and irritate the semicircular canals.
  • Sometimes the dizziness is severe enough to cause nausea, vomiting, headaches, and loss of balance for hours.
Overcome Dizziness Step 12

Step 6. Consult an osteopath or chiropractor

Osteopaths and chiropractors are spine specialists who focus on the normal movement and function of the small spinal joints connecting the vertebrae, called spinal facets. A relatively common cause of dizziness and vertigo is blockage, misalignment, or dysfunction of the joints in the upper neck, usually where they connect to the skull. Manual adjustment can be used to unlock or reposition facet joints that are slightly misaligned. It is often possible to hear a "clicking" sound during spinal adjustment.

  • While a single adjustment to the spine can sometimes completely relieve dizziness or vertigo caused by problems in the upper neck, it is more than likely that 3 to 5 treatments are needed to achieve significant results.
  • Arthritis of the upper neck, especially rheumatoid arthritis, can cause chronic dizziness.

Advice

  • Seniors are more at risk of medical conditions that cause dizziness and are more likely to take drugs that make you dizzy.
  • Avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery if you frequently experience dizziness or lightheadedness.
  • If you suffer from dizziness, avoid consuming caffeine, alcohol, or tobacco, as they can make your symptoms worse.
  • If you feel nauseous due to dizziness, keep a bucket or similar container nearby in case you need to vomit.
  • Practice yoga, especially postures that bring the head closer to the ground. The blood coming to your head should give you relief if the cause is poor circulation or low blood pressure.
  • If you are feeling a little dizzy, try moving away from the screens. This is the best way to watch them when they are on.

Warnings

  • If your dizziness is severe (to the point of causing narrow vision, vomiting, or fainting), see a doctor straight away.
  • Talk to your doctor if the seizures occur more often, as they can be caused by a serious underlying cardiovascular problem.

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