Almost everyone has sunburned in their life. Usually it's a more inconvenient moment than anything else, a little red, itchy skin that might peel as well. Sunburns are caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation which can come from many sources, such as prolonged exposure to the sun, solariums or similar devices. UV rays can directly damage your DNA, causing inflammation and death of skin cells. Although less exposure to the sun can give you a nice tan (i.e. increased skin pigmentation produced to protect it from UV rays), any type of UV exposure can be harmful to your skin. skin and you should avoid excessive exposure to it to avoid more serious damage, including skin cancer. The blister on your sunburn indicates damage to the skin. It is essential to treat the blisters that appear on sunburns properly.
Part 1 of 5: Treat sunburn
Step 1. Stay out of the sun
You don't want to further damage your damaged skin. If you must be in the sun, apply sunscreen with an IPS of 30 or higher. Ultraviolet rays can still pass through clothing to some degree.
- Continue to apply sunscreen even after the blister has healed.
- Don't let the cloudy or cold weather fool you. UV rays are always very strong when the weather is overcast and snow can reflect 80% of the sun's rays. If it is daytime, there are also UV rays.
Step 2. Do not touch the affected area
Do not pierce the blisters. They might pierce on their own, but you need to protect them as much as possible to avoid infection and to avoid damaging the more delicate lower layers of skin. If the blister breaks on its own, cover it with gauze to prevent infection. If you think your skin has already been infected, see a dermatologist immediately. You will know that your skin has been infected if you notice certain symptoms such as redness, swelling, pain, or a feeling of heat.
Likewise, you should not peel your skin. The skin may become more scaly after being sunburned, but that doesn't mean you need to peel it. Remember that this area is very sensitive and prone to infections and other problems. Leave her alone
Step 3. Use aloe vera
Aloe vera can be an effective natural remedy for minor burns, such as blisters caused by sunburn. Aloe vera gel is your best bet because it will also cool the wound. Aloe vera is believed to decrease pain, rehydrate the skin, and aid in the healing process. Indeed, research has shown that burns treated with aloe vera heal 9 days faster than burns that are not treated with aloe vera.
- The best products to use are natural products without any additives. You can buy aloe vera gel without preservatives at most specialty stores. If you have an aloe vera plant on hand, you can apply the gel that is in the leaves directly to the skin by breaking the leaf in half. Let the skin absorb the gel. Repeat the process as often as possible.
- Try using aloe vera ice cubes. They can help you relieve and heal the skin.
- You should never apply aloe vera to an open wound.
Step 4. Try other emollients
Emollients like moisturizers can be safely applied to your blisters. They help conceal flaking skin and provide relief to the skin. Avoid moisturizers that are too thick or petroleum jelly, as they will not let the skin breathe and they will contain the heat.
- Try soy-based moisturizers, for example. Look for organic or natural ingredients on the label. Soy is a plant that has naturally moisturizing properties, which helps damaged skin stay hydrated and heal.
- Again, you should not apply it to open wounds or punctured blisters.
- If you want, you can put a gauze bandage on the blisters until they heal.
Step 5. Apply for a prescription for 1% Sulfadiazine Silver Cream
Ask your doctor to prescribe 1% silver sulfadiazine cream, a strong antibacterial chemical used to treat second and third degree injuries. Usually, this cream is applied to the skin twice a day. Do not stop using it until your doctor tells you to.
This cream can have serious side effects although they are rare. These side effects include pain, itching or burning at the site of application. The skin and mucous membranes (such as the gums) may also turn a pale or gray color. Ask your doctor about possible side effects and contact them if you notice them
Step 6. Avoid numbing creams and sprays
Avoid them, as these kinds of products applied to the skin can cause infections.
- In particular, avoid lotions and creams that contain benzocaine or lidocaine. Although used frequently in the past, these products can cause irritation and allergic reactions.
- Avoid using petroleum jelly. Petroleum jelly can clog your pores and trap heat in the skin, preventing the skin from healing properly.
Step 7. Drink water
Sunburn causes water to disappear from the surface of the skin and other parts of the body. Try to drink plenty of water, at least 2 liters per day. You can also drink fruit juices and energy drinks. Make sure you recognize signs of dehydration early on, such as dry mouth, thirst, decreased urination, headaches, and dizziness.
Step 8. Take care of what you eat to heal faster
Burns like blisters on sunburns can be treated and healed faster if you take care of what you eat, especially if you increase your protein intake. The extra protein serves as the building blocks for your tissues that you need to heal the skin and inflammation while reducing the scar.
- Eat foods high in protein like chicken, turkey, fish, dairy products, and eggs, these are all great sources of protein.
- The recommended daily intake of protein is 0.8 to 1.5 grams of protein per 500 grams of body mass.
Part 2 of 5: Using Home Remedies
Step 1. Use apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar helps treat sunburn blisters by absorbing heat from the skin and relieving burning and pain. Acetic acid and malic acid can neutralize sunburns and restore the pH of the skin on the affected area. This helps prevent infection by making the skin an inhospitable place for microorganisms.
- To apply apple cider vinegar, mix it with cold water and soak a piece of soft cloth in it before applying or attaching it to the blister. Vinegar can also be applied directly to the skin using a spray bottle.
- The use of vinegar is only recommended on skin without abrasions and open wounds, as it can burn and irritate the skin.
Step 2. Prepare a powdered turmeric paste
Turmeric has antiseptic and antibacterial properties that might help you relieve pain and inflammation from sunburn and blister. Here are some ideas for applying turmeric powder.
- Mix powdered turmeric in water or milk to create a paste. Then apply it to the blisters for 10 minutes before rinsing it off gently.
- Mix turmeric powder, barley and yogurt to make a thick paste and cover the affected skin with it. Leave it on for about half an hour and then rinse it off with cold water.
Step 3. Consider using tomato
Tomato juice helps reduce the burning sensation, reduce redness in the affected area and speed healing of the skin.
- To apply, mix a quarter cup of tomato paste or tomato juice and half a cup of buttermilk. Apply the mixture to the sunburn and leave it on for about half an hour before gently rinsing it off.
- Alternatively, you can add two cups of tomato juice to your bath water and soak in it for 10 to 15 minutes.
- For immediate sunburn relief, apply crushed tomato mixed with crushed ice to the affected area.
- You could even try eating more tomatoes. One study has shown that people who eat 5 tbsp. to s. of tomato paste rich in lycopene for three months are 25% better protected against sunburn.
Step 4. Use potatoes to relieve blistering
Raw potatoes can help keep heat away from your skin, leaving your skin feeling fresher, less painful, and faster to heal.
- Mix slices of potatoes rinsed with water to obtain a paste. Apply it directly to the blister. Leave it on until it dries and rinse gently with cold water.
- You can apply this remedy every day until the blisters are gone and the skin is ready to heal.
Step 5. Try applying a compress to the milk
Milk produces a protein film that helps relieve the burning sensation in the skin, which helps to cool and relieve it.
- Soak a soft cloth in a mixture of cold water and skim milk, then wrap it around the blister for several minutes.
- Make sure the milk is fresh, but not cold. Take it out of the refrigerator about 10 minutes before using it.
Part 3 of 5: Relieve the pain
Step 1. Know that the bulk of treatment is symptomatic
Care is given to prevent the blister from getting worse and to relieve the pain, but there is not much that can be done to speed up the healing process.
Step 2. Use a cold compress to relieve the pain
Using cold water or a cold compress helps reduce inflammation by constricting blood vessels and reducing the flow of blood to the affected area.
- The cold temperature helps numb the nerve endings, which allows you to immediately relieve the pain of the burning sensation in the blister.
- You can also use compresses soaked in Burrow's solution (a solution of aluminum acetate and water). You will usually find Burrow's solution in pharmacies.
Step 3. Take a bath
When taking a bath, use cold water and relax for 10-20 minutes, it can help relieve the pain of sunburn. Repeat as many times as necessary for several days.
- If you have a facial towel, soak it in cold water and apply it to the affected area.
- Hot baths and soaps or bath oils are not recommended, as they can irritate the skin and increase the discomfort you feel.
Step 4. Take showers with lukewarm water
Make sure the temperature of the shower water is below lukewarm. Also pay attention to the power of the water jet to make sure it is gentle enough not to make your pain worse.
- In general, if you can avoid taking a shower, do so. Pressure from the shower head could cause the sunburn blister to burst prematurely, which can cause pain, infection, and scarring.
- After the shower, gently wipe the skin without rubbing. Do not rub the skin, as this may cause irritation.
Step 5. Take pain relievers
If you are bothered by the pain of sunburn, you can take an oral pain reliever such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin.
- Ibuprofen (eg sold under the name Nurofen) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It helps reduce the amount of hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. It also reduces the amount of hormones that trigger fever.
- Aspirin (or acetylsalicylic acid) is a drug that works as a pain reliever to relieve pain by inhibiting pain signals in the brain. It is also an antipyretic, a drug that reduces fever.
- Paracetamol (or acetaminophen) is safer than aspirin for children with sunburn. Paracetamol has the same effects.
- Discuss your different options with your doctor if you are in doubt about their use or if you are unsure which medicine is right for you.
Step 6. Use cortisone cream to reduce inflammation
Cortisone cream contains a minimal amount of steroids which help reduce inflammation caused by the burn by suppressing the activity of the immune system.
It is not advisable to use cortisone cream in children, which is why you should consult your doctor for further treatment
Part 4 of 5: Understanding the dangers and symptoms of sunburn
Step 1. Understand how UV rays work
UV rays are divided into three categories: UVA, UVB and UVC. UVA and UVB are the two types of UV rays that damage the skin. UV rays are 95% UVA which are responsible for sunburn and blisters. However, UVB rays can cause more erythema or redness caused by the swelling of the blood vessels. Among the erythemas, you will see redness caused by sunburn, infections, inflammation, and even flushing.
Step 2. Understand how blisters develop
The blisters will not form immediately after exposure to the sun. They will take several days to develop. Sunburn blisters form when blood vessels are damaged and when blood plasma and other fluids leak between the layers of the skin, causing fluid pockets to appear. Don't assume that blisters are unrelated to sunburn because they appear later. Harmful UV rays have a greater impact on fair skin than dark skin, which is why some people are more likely to develop blisters than others, depending on their skin type.
- First-degree burns cause erythema and widening of the blood vessels, which causes swelling of the skin and the appearance of a red coloration. In the case of first degree burns, only the top layer of the skin is burned. However, damaged skin cells can release chemicals that can aggravate skin irritation and destroy other damaged cells.
- With a second degree burn, the inner layers of the skin are also affected, as well as the blood vessels, which is why blisters are a sign of a second degree burn. Blisters are then considered a more serious disorder than usual sunburn.
Step 3. Go to the emergency room immediately if you see any symptoms
Your body could suffer severely from the length of exposure to the sun, which causes ailments like dehydration or heatstroke. Observe the following symptoms and go to the emergency room immediately:
- dizziness and lightheadedness
- rapid pulse and breathing
- nausea, chills, or fever
- a significant thirst
- sensitivity to light
- blisters that cover more than 20% of the body's surface
Step 4. Become aware of your previous medical conditions
See a doctor if you have chronic actinic dermatitis, lupus erythematosus, herpes, or rash. Sunburns can make these problems worse. Sunburn can also cause keratitis, an inflammation of the cornea of the eye.
Step 5. Observe early symptoms
If you have symptoms early on, do your best to hide from the sun immediately to avoid blisters. Here are some of those symptoms.
- Redness on the skin that is more sensitive and warm to the touch. The sun's ultraviolet rays kill living cells in the epidermis (the top layer of the skin). When the body realizes that cells are dead, the immune system begins to produce a response by increasing the blood flow to the affected areas and opening the walls of the capillaries so that the white blood cells can come in and out in order to clean them out. dead cells. This increased blood flow causes redness and a feeling of heat on the skin.
- Sharp pain in the affected area. Damaged cells in the affected area activate pain receptors by releasing chemicals and sending signals to the brain that make you feel pain.
Step 6. Observe the appearance of the itchy blisters
These blisters can appear a few hours to a few days after exposure to the sun. The epidermis contains nerve fibers which convey the sensation of itching. When the epidermis is damaged from prolonged exposure to the sun, these nerve fibers are activated and you will feel itchy all over the affected area.
Your body also sends fluids to fill holes and cracks in the damaged skin so that it can protect it, causing blisters to appear
Step 7. Check to see if you have a fever
When your body's immune system realizes the presence of dead cells or foreign objects, it releases pyrogens (substances that cause fever) that travel to the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that regulates blood pressure. body temperature. These pyrogens attach to receptors in the hypothalamus and your body temperature begins to rise.
You can take your body temperature with a regular thermometer available from pharmacies
Step 8. Observe the appearance of scaly skin
The dead cells in the sunburn area will break off as dead skin so the body can replace them with new cells.
Part 5 of 5: Avoid sunburn
Step 1. Stay out of the sun
Prevention is always the best thing to do to avoid any disease and it is obvious that you will be able to keep your skin healthy by avoiding sunburn.
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight for prolonged periods. Try to stay in shaded areas, such as under a balcony, ledge, parasol, or tree
Step 2. Wear sun protection cream
It is recommended to use creams with an IPS of at least 30 which allows you to protect yourself against UVA and UVB rays. Both of these types of radiation can cause skin cancer. Many physicians will recommend that their patients follow this advice. Also note that babies have particularly sensitive skin, you should apply sunscreen all over the body (only when they are six months old). You can buy baby and children's sunscreens.
- It is important to apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out, not right before going out. Make sure you apply sunscreen regularly. In general, try reapplying 30ml of sunscreen all over your body every three hours or after any activity where the skin gets wet (for example when getting out of the pool).
- Don't be fooled by the cold. UV rays can pass through clouds, and snow reflects 80% of them.
- Be extra careful if you live near the equator or in a place of high altitude. UV rays are stronger in areas where the ozone layer is thinner.
Step 3. Be careful with the water
Water affects the effectiveness of sunscreens, and wet skin is more vulnerable to UV rays than dry skin. Use a sunscreen that is water resistant when going to the beach or swimming pool, or when doing strenuous exercise outdoors.
If you swim or sweat a lot, you should apply sunscreen more often than the recommended application
Step 4. Wear protective clothing
Wear a hat, visor, sunglasses, or any other means to protect your skin from the sun's rays. You can even buy clothes that block UV rays.
Step 5. Avoid the sun at certain times of the day
Try not to be in the sun between 10 a.m. in the morning and 4 a.m. in the afternoon, when the sun is at its peak in the sky. This is when the sunlight is most direct and UV rays are the most harmful.
If you can't avoid the sun, try to get away from it as often as possible
Step 6. Drink water
It is important to drink water to refuel and to combat dehydration, another serious but widespread consequence of prolonged exposure to the sun.
- Make sure you stay hydrated and drink water regularly when you are outdoors in high heat and direct sunlight.
- Don't drink water only when you are thirsty, give your body the nutrients and resources it needs to stay healthy before problems arise.