3 ways to memorize information when studying for an exam

3 ways to memorize information when studying for an exam
3 ways to memorize information when studying for an exam
Anonim

Studying for a test involves memorizing a lot of information, which can be taxing. Fortunately, there are ways to improve your memory so you can prepare well for a test. Familiarize yourself with the document, actively read it and take notes. Use effective techniques, such as using index cards and mnemonic methods. Remember to organize your schedule well, as a strong review program, combined with restful sleep, will help you prepare for the exam.

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Familiarize yourself with the document

Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 1

Step 1. Actively read

It is not possible to memorize information just by browsing it. On the other hand, if you reread a document or if you read new information, do so actively. That way, you'll remember the information better on D-Day.

  • You can easily read a whole page and realize that you haven't understood a thing. If you find that your mind is wandering, focus on the text again.
  • Ask yourself questions while reading. Here is an example: "What is the main idea of ​​this chapter? »You can underline the main points of the text as you go, and write notes in the margin.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 2

Step 2. Summarize each chapter after reading

One session is not enough to study, as you will end up feeling overwhelmed. Summarizing each section as you go, it will be easier for you to remember the information later. As soon as you have completed a section, close the book for a moment and mentally summarize the information.

  • In addition, it is possible to make the summary in writing, which can make it easier for you to memorize the information.
  • Another tip is to repeat the information aloud, which is effective in helping you remember it.
  • If you tend to learn best through visual memory, you can draw pictures, graphs, or tables after completing a chapter.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 3

Step 3. Take notes

Most learners take notes in class. This is a great technique, but it is also advisable to take notes when reading and studying on your own. Speaking the information in your own words will help you remember it better later.

  • Strive to actively take notes. For example, don't just copy concepts and definitions into a notepad. Instead, phrase them in your own words. In this way, you will be able to better understand the information that you have assimilated and therefore learn it by heart.
  • Also, be sure to organize your notes well. Notes should be classified by chapter and paragraph using titles. Also remember to date them, especially the notes you take in class.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 4

Step 4. Explain the course to someone else

If you are working with another learner, explaining the information to them can be very helpful. Indeed, study groups can make your job easier. If a member of the group is having trouble understanding a concept, explaining it to them can help both of you understand the lesson better and remember it better.

If you can't find a classmate you can study with, just ask a roommate or friend if you can explain the lesson out loud to them

Method 2/3: Use Effective Study Techniques

Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 5

Step 1. Take a learning styles quiz

This is a great way to find the best study approach to take. Using such a quiz can help you discover your learner profile, be it visual, auditory or tactile. Once you have completed the quiz, you can tailor your study approach to your learning style to make it more effective. If you want to find such a quiz, you can search online by typing "learning styles quiz" or "what is my learner profile".

If you have difficulty finding one, try taking the test available at this address

Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 6

Step 2. Write by hand

Keeping track of information can help you remember it. When we write, we actively reflect on the words we read. If you really have trouble memorizing a particular concept, term, name, date, or other information from your lesson, try jotting it down a few times. It might help you remember it better later.

  • If you don't like to handwrite, use a computer to type your notes. However, be careful what you type.
  • Another tip is to rephrase your own notes. Indeed, by rephrasing them in your own words, you will probably better understand the terms used. This will help you retain information better later.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 7

Step 3. Use mnemonic methods

The purpose of these tools is to associate new information with terms, sentences or images. Most people use mnemonic tools to memorize new information. For example, the phrase "you here beautiful neighbor, pretty radiant ovation" is a mnemonic that is often used to remember the order of the colors of the rainbow, because the first letter of each word corresponds to a color of the rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and purple.

If you can't find a well-known mnemonic method for what you are learning, try to invent one yourself. Have fun and be creative. Imagine something that you can easily memorize and that will help you remember information later

Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 8

Step 4. Match things in the course

In addition to mnemonics, it is possible to make other associations to retain information. For example, make visual associations in your head or look for certain patterns.

  • For example, suppose you want to remember that John Steinbeck is the author of "East of Eden". One of your friends is Eden, and another has the initials J.S.
  • If you want to remember that, imagine your two friends lying next to each other. Now imagine that they are both holding a compass pointing east.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 9

Step 5. Design index cards

They are a great way to withhold information. In particular, these cards will help you remember things like dates, names and definitions.

  • To make these little cards, just write information on both sides of the card. For example, suppose you want to design cards to memorize concepts. Take index cards, write the definition of a concept on one side and the term on the other.
  • If you do not want to make sheets in paper format, be aware that there are several websites that allow you to create sheets online.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 10

Step 6. Test yourself

Testing your knowledge is one of the best ways to retain information. Just rereading your lessons or learning them is not as effective as testing your knowledge. Try to test yourself frequently in the weeks before the exam.

  • You can compose your test yourself by writing questions as you review your notes and course materials. Imagine the questions that could be asked on an exam. After the review is complete, try to find answers to your own questions.
  • Also ask your teacher for practical exercises. If he offers any, go through them all to prepare for the exam.
  • If you have old proofs on hand, try redoing them.
  • Research the exam topics you are studying online and use it to test yourself.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 11

Step 7. Review your lessons regularly to better memorize them

Studies show that learners who revise the subjects they've learned three times in the next month are more likely to remember them. Review your lessons for 10 minutes within 24 hours of learning. Then review them for 5 minutes within 7 days of learning to refresh your memory. Finally, re-read them for 2 to 4 minutes so that your brain will remember them, 30 days after learning them.

Instead of waiting until the day before the exam to start learning, do brief reviews throughout the month. This will make it easier for you to remember everything you learned during your exam

Method 3 of 3: Manage your lifestyle

Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 12

Step 1. Organize your study materials

Lack of organization will make your study sessions even more difficult. In order to improve them, organize your equipment beforehand.

  • Be sure to organize the documents by course. In a binder, store all your notes, old homework and old tests.
  • Organize your study space. If the place where you study is in a mess, it can affect your ability to concentrate. Put away your study area after each session.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 13

Step 2. Take breaks

It is impossible to memorize information when you are trying to learn it all at the same time. Instead of learning for hours, stick to reasonably long sessions with breaks.

  • Stick to a schedule for breaks to make sure they don't last too long. For example, you might decide to study for 50 minutes, then take a 5-minute break.
  • Make sure you plan your breaks. Surfing the internet for 5 minutes during the break can easily turn into an hour, unless you are committed to timing it.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 14

Step 3. Get enough sleep

You can only memorize information if you sleep well every night. Therefore, make sure you go to bed at a reasonable time and try to get a good night's sleep every night.

  • Sticking to a sleep pattern helps you fall asleep faster. If you are used to going to bed and waking up at around the same time each day, your body's natural circadian rhythm will adjust.
  • It is also advisable to follow a relaxation ritual before going to bed each night. Read a book or take a hot bath. Avoid using electronic screens, which can interfere with your sleep.
Retain Information when You Study for a Test Step 15

Step 4. Exercise regularly

Regular exercise can increase the brain's ability to retain information. Allow half an hour of aerobic exercise per day to optimize your ability to remember information.

  • Choose a form of exercise that is right for you because it will help you stick to it better.
  • If you are very busy, find a way to make exercise part of your daily life. For example, you can cycle to class instead of taking the train or walking.

Advice

  • We all have different methods that help us learn. Some learn best visually, while others like to write concepts down repetitively. Experiment with several different approaches until you find one that works for you.
  • If you have multiple checks to do, prioritize accordingly. Plan study sessions according to the different exams and questions and put the emphasis on the former.

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