So you've decided to build a garden? It's a lot easier than you might think! The first step is knowing what you want to plant and then designing the right arrangement for your plants. Learn how to organize your garden, start by giving the appropriate care to your plants.
Part 1 of 3: landscaping your garden
Step 1. Choose what type of garden you want
There are different kinds of gardens and each provides different enjoyment. When choosing what to plant, ask yourself why you want to have a garden. What type of garden would suit your exterior, meet your needs and give you the most enjoyment?
- Home gardens are a practical choice for people who want to eat what they grow. Growing your own vegetables saves you a lot of money in addition to having highly nutritious vegetables.
- If beautifying your home is your main goal, perhaps you could create a flower garden. Choose flowers that have different shapes, colors and textures to look very beautiful and original. Plant green plants between the flowers to keep the garden looking beautiful when the flowers disappear in summer.
- If you don't have a lot of space, you can still grow a wonderful garden. Think about aromatic herbs which are both aesthetic and useful.
- When you have a clear idea of what you want to grow, check if the kind of plants in question can grow in your area.
Step 2. Mark off the garden
Choose a location on your exterior or property that has the right conditions to meet the needs of the plants you want to grow. For example, a lot of vegetables need to be in full sun most of the time. Flowers, on the other hand, instead need partial shade to thrive. If you have shade and sun in your garden, you can grow plants that need both. Aside from the sun, take the following into consideration.
- Choose an area with good drainage. If you see a stagnant puddle after it rains, it means the soil is likely clayey or rocky and preventing proper water drainage. This is not good for the roots of many kinds of plants. If the soil conditions are not ideal, you can always create a raised bed and fill it with nutrient-dense fertilizers and better-drained soil.
- Take into consideration the aesthetic aspect you are looking for. Grow your plant near your windows if you want to be able to see it from the inside. Plant it in a location away from trees with profusely falling leaves so that it easily keeps a neat and neat appearance.
- It's easier to garden on level ground, but it's possible to grow plants on a hill and it could have a really nice effect. Choose a location without a lot of roots and rocks so that the soil isn't too difficult to cultivate.
- Take into account the usefulness of the space. If you want to make an ornamental garden, create it far away so you can walk around for a good while. If it is a vegetable garden, it will be better behind the house.
Step 3. Purchase gardening equipment and supplies
You will need seeds, bulbs, sprouted seeds or bulbs to plant. These can be purchased from a catalog, an online store, or from your local nursery. Depending on the type and size of your garden, you will be able to determine what tools and materials to purchase. Simple hand tools can do the trick for small gardens. But if the garden exceeds a few meters, the work will be much easier with larger machines. Consider purchasing the following supplies.
- Seeds. Nurseries have a lot of choice and you can ask the staff what varieties do well in your area. The seeds are usually kept indoors for a month or two before the climate warms up and it's time to plant.
- Bulbs or plants. Plants and bulbs, however, can be planted at the time of purchase.
- Fertilizer. This gives your plants an extra nutritional boost. Thus, they grow strong and healthy. Choose a natural fertilizer like blood meal, bone meal, or compost. You can also use chemical fertilizers suitable for specific plants.
- Mulch and topsoil. Many plants need to be protected from the cold and wind when they are first planted. Depending on what you are planting, choose a mulch or other ground cover such as hay and add topsoil.
- A tiller. This machine breaks up the soil and stirs up the dirt until the soil is fine enough and new roots can squeeze in. Buy or rent one if your yard is large.
- A shovel, a spade and a garden rake. These essential tools are used to dig holes, move plants and pull weeds.
- A ruler or tape measure. This helps you measure the depth of digging holes for plants that need different depths.
- A hose and a nozzle for watering plants or filling a watering can.
- Fences. Whether you're planting flowers or vegetables, you can fence your yard to keep deer, rabbits, squirrels, and other small animals out.
- A notebook. You will write down the dates when you need to water, weed and maintain each type of plant in your garden. You can also do this on a computer.
Part 2 of 3: plant the garden
Step 1. Know the right time to plant
Vegetables, flowers, herbs and other plants should be planted at specific times of the year. Some plants should be planted before the last frost of the year and others after the temperature has warmed up from the end of the frost. Some should be planted in spring and others in summer or fall. Pay attention to when you should plant what you have chosen to grow.
Step 2. Prepare the ground
Mark the corners of the garden plot you want to cover with stones or other markers. Remove stones, roots, branches and weeds that are within the boundaries you marked. Use the tiller or a rake to break up the soil. Work the soil to a depth of about 30 cm and add any compost or fertilizer you use.
- Be sure to use the correct amount of fertilizer for the plants you are growing. Putting a lot of it can harm them.
- If you are plowing an area that contains sod, you will need to remove large tufts of grass to make the soil below easier to work.
- If there are too many pebbles in the ground, you can use them to build a stone path and border with the larger ones.
Step 3. Dig holes and plant the seedlings
Use the shovel to dig the holes to the correct depth and be sure to space them enough so that each plant has enough room to grow. Place the seedlings in the ground and cover the holes with topsoil. Finish with a layer of mulch, if necessary.
Step 4. Water the garden
A new garden should be kept moist all the time. If the plants dry out, they are likely to die before they mature. Use the holes in the garden to spray the area with water in the morning and again in the afternoon.
- Check the soil often. If it feels dry, water it again.
- Do not water the affected area in the evening. If the water stagnates overnight, you will find mold the next day.
Part 3 of 3: Maintain your garden
Step 1. Weed your garden
If your garden grows, so will weeds. It is important to remove them before they invade your vegetables and flowers. Be diligent, weed at least twice a week to prevent this from happening.
Step 2. Take care of the plants as needed
Some plants require little maintenance while others need constant care throughout the growing season and beyond. Here are the factors you need to consider.
- How often does a plant need to be watered? Usually this decreases after a few weeks.
- How often does a plant need fertilizer? Some need to be fertilized more than once during the growing season.
- Does the plant need to be pruned? Some plants grow healthier when unwanted stems, leaves and dead flowers are removed.
- Does the plant need a tutor? This can be the case if its fruits are heavy. Some must be protected from predators or domestic animals by a fence.
Step 3. Keep animals and insects away
You might need to take steps to protect your garden from deer, birds, squirrels, and insects that like to eat plants. If you see holes in your plants or other signs, there is a problem. Determine which animal is the cause and take appropriate action.
- Erecting a small fence could be an effective way to keep animals away.
- A natural insecticide deterrent often works very well and you keep an organic garden.
- Try to put at least 20% flowers in order to attract animals that will feed on insects and pests. Certain plants repel insects, such as geraniums or basil.
- Be patient and don't eat the vegetables until they are ripe.
- Don't worry, the bugs will eat the plants a bit, don't pull them out, they're still good.
- Do not use harsh chemicals on plants.