The Boston Terrier is a sociable, friendly, intelligent, and eager to please small dog, traits that are useful for training. However, be aware that he tends to be stubborn (which makes things a bit difficult). But this should not worry you, since with time, patience and perseverance you will be able to train him well and make him a good companion.
Part 1 of 3: accustom a Boston terrier to stay in a cage
Step 1. Choose the correct size cage
Training him to stay in a cage is important in his training, because the cage will allow him to get used to the home, in addition to providing a place of safety and comfort. It should be big enough that he can walk around without arching, stand up without bumping into himself, but not so big that he can use it as a "toilet area."
Ideally, his cage size should be 24 inches by 24 inches or 24 inches by 36 inches
Step 2. Try to create a pleasant environment inside the cage
In order to make it more attractive to him, you need to place practical items to improve his comfort, such as comfortable bedding, toys, a bowl of water, and a bowl for eating. The bowls you need to use should be heavy enough so that he cannot knock them over. Make sure there are toys he can chew on, so he can learn what to chew on and what not to (like your shoes and furniture).
- In fact, these dogs love to chew, but if they learn to stay in their crate, they aren't going to be destructive around the house if you leave them alone.
- You will be able to purchase chew toys like high impact rubber balls and leather bones.
Step 3. Lure him inside the cage
He may be a little hesitant to get into it at first. So put dog food or dog biscuits inside to encourage him to enter. It can be done step by step. In other words, at mealtime, place the bowl near the cage (on the outside), then put it at the entrance and finally inside.
- If he can get in on his own, reward him a lot with praise and maybe even with a treat. The more he is rewarded for these actions, the more likely he is to create a positive association with being inside the cage.
- It would be a good idea to leave the door open at the start of training so that he can enter his cage whenever he wants.
- As he gets used to entering it, consider adding a verbal command saying something like "kennel." If he enters soon after hearing the command, immediately reward him with a treat and lots of praise.
- Be patient with him. It may take a while for him to get into his cage on his own. Try to work at their own pace.
Step 4. Train him to stay in the cage for short periods
If he starts going in on his own, you can start by locking him up for a few seconds, waiting for him to calm down (if necessary), and reopening the cage. After that, give her a treat and some compliments. Try to keep training so that he can stay locked in, leaving the room and coming back at random times.
- Work gradually until it can stay there overnight. Keep in mind, however, that a puppy cannot control their bladder for too long and you will need to take them outside for regular relief.
- Since these dogs tend to develop separation anxiety, good crate training will help them feel calmer and more comfortable when you are away.
Part 2 of 3: Teaching a Boston Terrier to Potty in the Right Place
Step 1. Start this training as soon as possible
The earliest would be best. Fortunately, this breed is very clean so yours certainly won't want to mess around the house.
- It would be a good idea to confine him to a small room (such as a small bedroom) until this training is complete. If you don't have a small room, use baby gates so you can separate part of a larger room.
- Be aware that it can take up to six months for him to learn to defecate in the right place. Therefore, you should be patient.
Step 2. Choose an area that will serve as a “toilet area” for the dog
He should go outside (preferably in the yard), always in the same place. By doing so, it will leave its own scent there and make it its territory.
If it's still small, you may need to set up an area inside the house where it can safely relieve itself when you're away. All you need to do is put newspapers in an appropriate place which will act as a “toilet area”. However, be aware that this attitude can prolong the training itself
Step 3. Establish and maintain a regular routine
This breed of dog is most successful when there is a system of routine in place. By having specific times when he can go to relieve himself, he will be more likely to be able to learn to use his “toilet area”. Take him outside after his first meal of the day and after he wakes up from a long nap.
- You can also take him out after he has drunk water and played.
- Be aware that a puppy can only control his bladder for a number of hours corresponding to his age in months, until he is twelve months old.
- Adult dogs of this breed don't need to relieve themselves as often as puppies, but they do need to follow a routine.
Step 4. Put on his leash when you take him outside
If you have a backyard, you might be tempted to just open the door for him to come out and relieve himself on his own. However, it is very unlikely that he will relieve himself in this way, increasing the risk of him relieving himself inside. During training, you must keep it on a leash and take it out yourself.
Step 5. Reward him for relieving himself in the right place
Because they are eager to please, Boston Terriers should hear a compliment after doing something right, such as defecating in the right place. So don't hesitate to praise him a lot by saying something like "good dog" or "good job" if he finishes relieving himself. You can also give it a tasty little treat.
Step 6. Clean the area where he urinated in the house
Do it without punishing him. At one point or another during training, he may be urinating or defecating inside the house. Therefore, you shouldn't be surprised if this happens. If you can surprise him with a done deal, say "no" quite firmly. Then take it, put it on a leash and put it outside. On the other hand, if you don't surprise him, calmly clean the area with an enzymatic detergent to get rid of the odor and prevent it from defining it as territory.
- Reward him if he defecates in the yard. This positive reinforcement will encourage him to always have the same behavior.
- Born rub not his face in his urine and feces. This is not going to teach him that he behaved badly since he will not associate the punishment with what he did. On the contrary, it will only have the effect of making him fear you.
Part 3 of 3: teaching a Boston terrier the basic commands
Step 1. Teach it one command at a time
Although this breed is very intelligent, your Boston Terrier will be confused by having to learn several commands at once, which can cause them to become discouraged and not wanting to continue their training. It is best to let him fully master one order before moving on to another.
- The basic commands are among others: "sit", "stay there" and "at the foot".
- To make this learning easier, consider enrolling in obedience classes. Ask the vet or other dog owners for recommendations.
Step 2. Limit the number of times you repeat each command
It may take a few tries for your dog to learn a command. If so, move on to the next one immediately, as repeating the same thing over and over can cause him to become discouraged.
Step 3. Keep the sessions short
Daily training will help him master the controls more quickly. However, since this breed has a short concentration capacity, training sessions should not exceed 10 minutes. Of course, you can do them more than once a day, as long as there is a long interval between each session.
Step 4. Use positive reinforcement
Immediate and consistent positive reinforcement is essential for training the Boston Terrier. Whenever he obeys a command, reward him with compliments and a treat (which shouldn't last more than four seconds after he's executed the command, so he knows the reason he's been. reward).
- Always try to give him praise when giving him the treat, so he can pair them together.
- This breed is motivated by snacks.
- Go for dog treats that they can eat easily and quickly (nothing too crunchy).
Step 5. Speak to him in a positive voice
Boston Terriers are sensitive to their owner's tone of voice. If you yell or speak like you're angry, it can be disheartening for him, causing him to withdraw. Your tone should be cheerful and positive, but firm.
Therefore, try not to raise your voice at him, even if you are angry or frustrated, otherwise he will be afraid
Step 6. Train him indoors in extreme weather
As the face of these dogs is short and compact, they are prone to developing respiratory problems. Therefore, it is best to train yours indoors when it is very hot, cold or humid. If you still decide to train him in extreme weather outside, give him access to plenty of water and limit sessions to ten or fifteen minutes at most.
Step 7. Train him throughout his life
By doing this, he will be able to remember what it is to be a well-trained dog, even as an adult. In other words, even if he has mastered all the commands you have taught him, he will need continuing education so that he does not forget what he has learned.
Three to six months after the basic training, you can start by teaching him tricks, such as being able to roll over and being able to play dead
- Having a close bond with your dog will make it easier to train. Make the effort to spend quality time with him. For example, you could play with him or stroke him to develop this bond.
- Be aware that training a Boston Terrier can take a long time.
- The Boston Terrier can be used very well as a therapy dog for the elderly. If you plan to use it for this purpose, consider enrolling in a therapy dog training program.
- Choke collars and pinch collars can injure the animal's trachea. To teach him to walk on a leash, wear a harness.
- The Boston Terrier likes to chew, so it is more prone to destructive behavior.