How to make a stencil: 12 steps (with pictures)

How to make a stencil: 12 steps (with pictures)
How to make a stencil: 12 steps (with pictures)
Anonim

Stencils provide a personal touch to all kinds of media, from t-shirts to blank walls. Vinyl is one of the materials most often used to make vinyl because it is resistant and reusable. To make your own vinyl stencil, choose and print an image before cutting it with a cutter. If you want to decorate a fabric item, use wax paper instead, as you can easily adhere it to the fabric using an iron.

Steps

Method 1 of 2: Make a simple vinyl stencil

Make a Stencil Step 1

Step 1. Print an image

Use an inkjet printer. Put a sheet of vinyl in the location where you usually put the paper and print the image you want on it from your desktop or laptop computer.

  • If you are not sure what type of printer you have or what materials and types of paper are compatible with your model, consult its instructions.
  • Never put vinyl in a laser printer, as the high temperature can melt or warp this material.
  • If you have a laser printer, print the image on a sheet of paper and then draw it on the vinyl with permanent marker.

Tips for choosing an image

If you are new to, choose an image without many complicated holes or curved outlines. Straight lines and simple shapes are easier to cut.

To make a completely personal image, draw it yourself. Trace it directly on the vinyl or draw it first on a sheet of paper and then transfer it.

If you want a very large image, have it printed at a print shop instead of trying to put together several printed parts on A4 sheets.

Make a Stencil Step 2

Step 2. Cut it out

Lay the vinyl on a cutting mat and carefully slide a cutter over all the lines in the image, including the interior parts that you need to remove. Remember that any empty part will be painted.

  • To keep the vinyl in place, you can tape it to the carpet or have someone hold it while you cut out the shape.
  • If you have a stencil or vinyl cutter, you can use it.
  • Set aside the interior parts you will need to complete the image. For example, if you are making a donut shape, reserve the circle you removed from the center. Otherwise, you'll just end up with a disc and not a donut.
Make a Stencil Step 3

Step 3. Position the stencil

Attach it to the support to be decorated with adhesive tape. It will be difficult to hold it in place by hand when you apply the paint. If it moves even a millimeter, the result will be spoiled. So glue its outer edges in place with duct tape.

Use tape suitable for the material you are decorating. For example, if you are decorating a painted wall, use masking tape to avoid damaging the paint already on the surface

Make a Stencil Step 4

Step 4. Apply paint

Apply two or three coats to the stencil, allowing each to dry before applying the next. The thinner the layers, the more uniform the color will be and the less brush marks will be visible. Use a paintbrush or foam roller to cover any empty spaces inside the stencil. Wait for the paint to dry before applying the next coat to avoid smearing the first.

  • Be careful not to make too strong strokes with the brush or roller, as you may move the stencil or cause the paint to run under its edges.
  • Choose paint that suits the material you are decorating. For example, if you are decorating a wall, use interior wall paint. If you are decorating ceramics, try acrylic paint.
  • Spray paint also makes stenciling decorations quick and easy.
Make a Stencil Step 5

Step 5. Let it dry

Wait at least 24 hours before removing the stencil. If you try to remove it before the paint is completely dry, you will smear it and spoil the results of your efforts. Consult the instructions on the jar or packaging to know the recommended drying time, as it varies according to the brand and the formula.

Once dry, the paint should no longer be tacky to the touch at all. If it sticks lightly, let it dry longer

Original ways to use a stencil

Make an accent wall in your home by covering it entirely with a conspicuous pattern.

Decorate furniture, like a side table or a chest of drawers, with a nice pattern.

Make cards with a small stencil.

Apply a large image on a wall to make a permanent wall art piece.

Make personalized gift wrap by applying stenciled shapes to plain wrapping paper.

Method 2 of 2: Make a fabric stencil

Make a Stencil Step 6

Step 1. Print an image

Do this only if you have an inkjet printer. Put a sheet of waxed paper in the location where you put the plain paper. Be sure to print the shape on the matte side.

Do not use a laser printer, as it will melt the wax paper, which will damage the machine. If you have a laser printer, print the image on regular paper and then draw it on the wax paper with permanent marker pen

Make a Stencil Step 7

Step 2. Cut it out

Lay the wax paper on a cutting mat and hold it in place with one hand. Carefully cut out the shape by following its lines with a cutter. Remember that the paint will be applied to all empty areas.

  • Remove any sections you want to paint inside the picture.
  • You can tape the paper to the mat or have someone hold it in place so you can cut it more easily.
  • If you have a stencil cutter, you can use it instead of cutting out the shape by hand.

Place the interior parts not to be painted

Label them

If there are more than one, number each with a piece of tape. Otherwise, you won't know which part goes where in the stencil.

Hold them in place with masking tape while you are applying the paint. The iron will not melt the masking tape. Wrap a piece of it and place it under each interior section before ironing it.

Leave them attached to the stencil

You can leave a very thin strip of paper connecting each interior part to the rest of the stencil, but be aware that this will show when you apply the paint.

Make a Stencil Step 8

Step 3. Position the stencil

Lay it on the fabric with the shiny side down and iron it. If you try to iron it with the matte side down, it will stick to the iron instead of the fabric. Run the iron over its entire surface, including the edges, to make sure it adheres completely to the surface to be decorated.

  • Do not leave the iron in one place for more than 5-10 seconds, as you will melt the wax paper. Constantly drag it across the stencil.
  • Make sure there are no openings or poorly glued edges, as paint may get under these parts. If you see any, iron them again.
Make a Stencil Step 9

Step 4. Put a sheet under the support

Slide another sheet of waxed paper under the fabric to protect what is underneath. This is especially important when decorating a t-shirt, as it will prevent paint from staining the other side of the garment. Make sure that the entire part you are going to paint is on the paper.

  • Tie the sheet to the wrong side of the fabric with duct tape to keep it from moving as you work.
  • You can use a piece of heavy cardboard or multiple layers of newspaper instead of waxed paper for this layer.
Make a Stencil Step 10

Step 5. Paint the fabric

Apply two or three coats of permanent fabric paint to the stencil. A permanent formula will not wash off. Apply it by tapping the fabric with a brush instead of spreading it so that it does not get under the edges of the stencil. Make a few thin layers instead of a single thick layer to prevent the stencil from getting saturated and curling up on itself.

  • The number of coats required depends on the colors of the fabric and paint. For example, if you are applying white or a light tone to a dark item, you may need to apply more coats to prevent the backing color from showing.
  • Let each coat dry before applying the next.
  • You can buy a stamp brush made specifically for stencils online or at a hobby store.
Make a Stencil Step 11

Step 6. Let the paint dry

Wait at least 24 hours. Read the information on the bottle to find the recommended drying time for that brand or type. If in doubt, it is advisable to leave it to dry for a whole day.

You can blow hot air over the item with a hair dryer to speed up drying

Make a Stencil Step 12

Step 7. Remove the stencil

Peel it off the fabric once the paint is dry. If it has not yet finished drying, it may drool and the outlines of the image will be imprecise. You can remove the stencil easily by pulling on it with your hands.

  • If there are any edges that are difficult to peel off, gently pry them off using your cutter.
  • If you want to protect the painted image, lay a thin kitchen towel over it and iron it for 30 seconds to set the paint even deeper into the fabric.

Advice

  • Choose a simple shape without a lot of intricate little parts, as it will be easier to cut out.
  • If you have a laser printer, print your image on regular paper and then transfer it to vinyl or wax paper.
  • When cutting the stencil with a cutter, place it on a cutting mat to avoid damaging your table or countertop.
  • Don't forget to cut out the inner parts of the pattern.
  • Always wait for the paint to dry completely before removing the stencil to avoid smearing the image.

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