How to install Linux Mint (with images)

Table of contents:

How to install Linux Mint (with images)
How to install Linux Mint (with images)
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One day or another, you might have to replace your Windows or Mac OS X operating system with Linux Mint, the more user-friendly version of Linux Ubuntu. Installing Linux Mint is tricky, but nothing more.

Steps

Part 1 of 4: Prepare to Install Linux Mint

Install Linux Mint Step 1

Step 1. Back up the data on your hard drive

As you are going to replace your operating system with Linux, it is more than wise to make a full backup of your hard drive (files, programs, preferences, utilities). So if there is any problem installing Linux Mint, you can reinstall everything as before.

Install Linux Mint Step 2

Step 2. Check your operating system version

If you are on Mac OS X, skip this step. Depending on the version of the operating system (32 or 64 bit), you will need to download a particular version of Linux Mint.

Install Linux Mint Step 3

Step 3. Check the processor type of your Mac computer

The Linux system can only be installed on a computer with an Intel processor. To find out, click on the menu Apple (

Macapple1

), then About this Mac. Look at the marked line Processor. You must read the Intel mention, otherwise you will not be able to install Linux on your computer.

If you are on Windows, go to the next step

Install Linux Mint Step 4

Step 4. Download the Linux Mint ISO file

Go to Linuxmint. In the table at the bottom, locate the line Cinnamon, then, depending on the version of your computer system, click on 32-bit Where 64-bit. On the new page, click on a mirror site for your country (France).

For a Mac, choose the 64-bit version

Install Linux Mint Step 5

Step 5. Download an image burning utility

This will depend on your operating system.

  • In Windows, go to Pendrivelinux, scroll down and click on Download UUI (Download UUI).
  • In Mac OS X, go to Etcher, click on Etcher for macOS (Etcher for macOS) at the top of the page.
Install Linux Mint Step 6

Step 6. Connect a USB flash drive to your computer

Connect it to one of the still free USB ports, they are located either on the back or on the side of the central unit.

On a Mac, you'll need a USB-C flash drive (or a USB 3 to USB-C adapter)

Install Linux Mint Step 7

Step 7. Format your USB flash drive

If it already contains data, it will be erased. A new file system will then be installed: make sure it is compatible with your computer:

  • under Windows, choose the NTFS or FAT32 file system,
  • on Mac, choose the Mac OS Extended (Journaled) file system.

Step 8. Leave your flash drive in place

At this point you have downloaded Linux Mint, your flash drive is formatted: you can proceed with the actual installation of Linux.

Part 2 of 4: Install the Linux Desktop on Windows

Install Linux Mint Step 9

Step 1. Install the UUI Burn utility

Double-click on the Universal USB Installer icon (shaped like a flash disk). At any point, click Yes (Yes) and finally I Agree (I accept). The utility welcome window appears on the screen.

Install Linux Mint Step 10

Step 2. Create bootable media

Click on the drop-down menu Step 1 (1st step) and select Linux Mint. Proceed as follows:

  • in Step 2 (2nd step), click on Browse (Browse),
  • select the Linux Mint ISO file,
  • click on Open (To open),
  • in Step 3 (3rd step), click on the drop-down menu,
  • choose the letter of your USB flash drive, check the box Fat32 Format Drive,
  • click on Create (To create) at the bottom of the window,
  • to finish, click on Yes (Yes).
Install Linux Mint Step 11

Step 3. Close UUI

Click on the button Close (To close). Now the Linux Mint distribution is installed on your flash drive.

Install Linux Mint Step 12

Step 4. Restart your computer

Click on To start up (

Windowsstart

), then On Off (

Windowspower

). To restart your computer, click To restart.

Install Linux Mint Step 13

Step 5. Immediately press the BIOS key

You need to restart while holding down a certain key (F1, F2 or F10) or tapping the Delete key).

  • The key to press sometimes appears momentarily at the bottom of the screen, next to other keys.
  • Otherwise, to know the BIOS access key, you can consult the documentation delivered with your computer or that available on the Internet on the manufacturer's site.
  • If the start screen appears, it means that you were not quick enough: you are good to restart the restart.
Install Linux Mint Step 14

Step 6. Go to the section on the boot order

On most PCs, you have to move using the navigation arrows to be able to click on the tab. Advanced (Advanced) Where Boot (Start-up)

When you open some BIOSes, you actually go directly to the boot options page

Install Linux Mint Step 15

Step 7. Select the external media

Depending on the digital medium connected, the name will vary: USB Drive (Usb reader), USB Disk (USB disk) or Removable Storage (Removable support). Again, use the navigation arrows to select the bootable media.

Install Linux Mint Step 16

Step 8. Move your media back to the top of the boot list

With the external medium selected, press + as many times as necessary until your medium is at the top of the list.

If that doesn't work with the keyboard, look in the legend on the right side (or bottom) to find out which key to press and use it

Install Linux Mint Step 17

Step 9. Save the changes and exit the BIOS

In general, there is only one key to press to save the changes: look in the legend which one is concerned. Once the backup is done and the BIOS exits, you will find yourself on the Linux boot screen.

On some PCs, you are asked to confirm the save by pressing another key

Install Linux Mint Step 18

Step 10. Select the Linux Mint option

If you have Linux Mint 18.3, you will need to select Boot linuxmint-18.3-cinnamon-64bit.

  • This last name varies according to the version of Linux Mint chosen and the number of bits of the operating system.
  • Do not select the acpi = off version of Mint!
Install Linux Mint Step 19

Step 11. Validate with the Enter key

The installation of the Linux Mint desktop then begins.

Install Linux Mint Step 20

Step 12. Wait for the Linux Desktop to download

It usually takes a few minutes. Once this step is finished, you will be able to install Linux on your hard drive.

Part 3 of 4: Install Linux Desktop on Mac

Install Linux Mint Step 21

Step 1. Install Etcher

Double click on the DMG file titled Etcher, if asked, check the installation. Locate the Etcher icon and drag it into the folder Applications.

Install Linux Mint Step 22

Step 2. Open Etcher

The program is now in the folder Applications.

Install Linux Mint Step 23

Step 3. Click ⚙️

This icon is in the upper right corner of the Etcher window.

Install Linux Mint Step 24

Step 4. Check the Unsafe mode box

The option is at the very bottom of the page.

Install Linux Mint Step 25

Step 5. Click Enable unsafe mode

You can then transfer the file to any digital medium.

Install Linux Mint Step 26

Step 6. Click Back

The button is at the top right of the page.

Install Linux Mint Step 27

Step 7. Click Select image

This blue rectangular button is on the left of the Etcher window.

Install Linux Mint Step 28

Step 8. Click on the Linux Mint ISO file

In doing so, you select it.

Install Linux Mint Step 29

Step 9. Click Open

The button is in the lower left corner of the window.

Install Linux Mint Step 30

Step 10. Click Select drive

This blue rectangular button is in the middle of the page.

Install Linux Mint Step 31

Step 11. Select your medium

Click on their name, then click keep on going (To continue) at the bottom of the window.

Install Linux Mint Step 32

Step 12. Click Flash

This blue rectangular button is on the far right of the Etcher window. You then have a bootable version of Linux on your USB medium which will allow you to install it on your hard drive.

Install Linux Mint Step 33

Step 13. Restart your Mac

Click on the menu Apple (

Macapple1

), then To restart… and confirm by clicking on To restart.

Install Linux Mint Step 34

Step 14. Hold down ⌥ Option

Push it in right after clicking Restart now. Do not release until you see the start options.

  • The ⌥ Option key should be pressed immediately after clicking the last To restart.
Install Linux Mint Step 35

Step 15. Click EFI Boot. Sometimes you have to click on the flash disk name, sometimes you have to click on the Linux Mint option. The Linux Mint installation screen appears.

Install Linux Mint Step 36

Step 16. Select the Linux Mint option

If you have Linux Mint 18.3, you will need to select Boot linuxmint-18.3-cinnamon-64bit.

  • This last name varies according to the version of Linux Mint chosen and the number of bits of the operating system.
  • Do not select the acpi = off version of Mint!
Install Linux Mint Step 37

Step 17. Validate with the Enter key

The installation of the Linux Mint desktop then begins.

Install Linux Mint Step 38

Step 18. Wait for the Linux desktop to download

This will take only few minutes. Once you have completed this step, you can install Linux on your hard drive.

Part 4 of 4: Install Linux Mint

Install Linux Mint Step 39

Step 1. Double-click on Install Linux Mint

The disc icon is on the desktop. A window opens.

Install Linux Mint Step 40

Step 2. Set the language of the distribution

Click on the language you want (for example, French), then To continue in the lower left corner of the window.

Step 3. Set up the wireless connection

Click on your wireless network, enter the password in the appropriate field, then click To log in. Finally click on Continue.

Install Linux Mint Step 42

Step 4. Select the Install this third-party software check box

It's at the top of the page.

Install Linux Mint Step 43

Step 5. Click Continue

Step 6. Click Yes at the appropriate time

You thus confirm the deletion of any partition of the hard disk: this one is only one in terms of capacity.

Install Linux Mint Step 45

Step 7. Replace your old operating system with Linux

Check the box Erase the disk and install Linux Mint, click Continue, then click Install now. To continue with the installation, click Continue.

Install Linux Mint Step 46

Step 8. Select your region of residence

On the world map, click the time zone that corresponds to your area of ​​residence, then click Continue in the lower left corner.

Install Linux Mint Step 47

Step 9. Select the language of your operating system

On the left of the window, select French, then on the right, click on one of the variants of French keyboards. Click on Continue.

Install Linux Mint Step 48

Step 10. Enter your user data

You will enter your name, your computer name, your username and a password. At the end, click Continue. Linux Mint is finally installed on your computer and is ready to go.

Install Linux Mint Step 49

Step 11. Remove the USB flash drive from your computer

Normally, your Mac won't restart on removable media, but it's best to remove it to make sure it restarts on Linux.

Install Linux Mint Step 50

Step 12. Click Restart Now

Now that there is no other bootable media, your computer reboots to the hard drive, on Linux Mint: after all, it's an operating system like any other!

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