How to install Linux on a Chromebook: 12 steps (with pictures)

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How to install Linux on a Chromebook: 12 steps (with pictures)
How to install Linux on a Chromebook: 12 steps (with pictures)
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Installing Linux on a Chromebook will allow you to access and use Linux with programs that are not yet available on Chrome OS. On the Chromebook, you can install Linux using a tool called Crouton, which will allow you to run Linux on Chrome and switch between the two operating systems at any time.

Steps

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 1

Step 1. Check if all your local data has been saved to Google Drive or some other form of storage like USB drive

Installing Linux on a Chromebook will erase all your local data.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 2

Step 2. Press and hold the esc key and the refresh key and then press the power button

Your Chromebook will restart and enter recovery mode.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 3

Step 3. Press Ctrl + D when the yellow exclamation mark appears on the screen

A dialog box will appear on the screen asking you to confirm your wish to enter developer mode.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 4

Step 4. Press Enter to confirm that you want to enter developer mode

For about 15 minutes, your Chromebook will erase all your local data and enter developer mode.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 5

Step 5. Wait for your Chromebook to completely restart in Chrome OS

Upon restarting, a warning will appear on the screen informing you that Chrome OS is missing or damaged, but this is normal when the device enters developer mode.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 6

Step 6. Download Crouton on goo

gl / fd3zc and check if the file is saved in your folder Downloads . Crouton is the name of the tool you will need to install Linux on your Chromebook.

  • Alternatively, you can visit the official Crouton website at https://github.com/dnschneid/crouton and click on the link to the right of the option Chromium OS Universal Chroot Environment.
Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 7

Step 7. Press the Ctrl + alt = "Image" + T keys

This command will bring up the terminal on your Chromebook.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 8

Step 8. Type shell in the terminal and press Enter.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 9

Step 9. Type sudo sh -e ~ / Downloads / crouton -t xfce in the terminal then press Enter.

This command will install the Crouton app.

  • Type sudo sh -e ~ / Downloads / crouton -t touch, xfce if you are installing Linux on a Pixel Chromebook.
Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 10

Step 10. Wait for Crouton to install completely on your Chromebook

The installation process can take several minutes, and will prompt you to enter a Linux username and password.

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 11

Step 11. Enter a username and password for your Linux OS

Install Linux on a Chromebook Step 12

Step 12. Type sudo startxfce4 in the terminal to start Linux on your desktop

You will be prompted to type this command in the terminal, if you want to use Linux when starting the Chromebook in Chrome OS.

Advice

  • Quit Linux at any time by logging out as you normally would on a Windows computer. Linux will shut down and your Chromebook will run Chrome OS.
  • On a Chromebook, Linux OS will work alongside Chrome OS, so you can switch between them at any time. To switch between Linux and Chrome, press Ctrl + alt = "Image" + Shift + Back arrow and Ctrl + alt = "Image" + Shift + Forward arrow Where Ctrl + alt = "Image" + Back arrow and Ctrl + alt = "Image" + Forward arrow, if you are using an Intel Chromebook.
  • Create recovery media for your Chromebook before installing Linux in case you experience difficulty or software malfunction during the installation process. You can use the recovery media at any time to restore your Chromebook to its factory settings.
  • Install the Linux programs on your Chromebook using the apt-get command in the terminal. For example, if you want to download Firefox for Linux, type sudo apt-get install firefox in the terminal to install the Firefox browser.

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