How to use Wine on Linux (with images)

How to use Wine on Linux (with images)
How to use Wine on Linux (with images)
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If you have Linux installed on your computer and you are missing some of your Windows applications, rest assured, nothing is lost. You will be able to install Wine on your system to make them work. Wine is able to run many Windows applications on Linux.

Steps

Part 1 of 3: Install Wine

Use Wine on Linux Step 1

Step 1. Open a terminal

Select Terminal from your system's applications menu to do this.

  • On most versions of Linux, you can also open a terminal by simultaneously pressing the Ctrl + Alt + T keys on your keyboard.
  • Some versions of Linux also have a text window at the top of the screen where you can directly enter commands that you would type into a terminal.
  • Some Linux installations open directly in command line mode. If yours does, skip this step.
Use Wine on Linux Step 2

Step 2. Authorize operation in 32-bit architecture

If your system is built in 64-bit mode, you will need to allow its 32-bit mode to be able to install Wine, follow these steps to do so:

  • enter

    sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

    in your terminal then press the Enter key on your keyboard;
  • Enter your administrator password when prompted and then press Enter on your keyboard.
Use Wine on Linux Step 3

Step 3. Prepare a download of Wine in terminal mode

This will allow your computer to find the appropriate file for your system on its own. Follow these steps to do this:

  • enter

    wget -nc

    in your terminal then press the Enter key on your keyboard;
  • enter

    sudo apt-key add Release.key

    and press the Enter key;
  • enter your administrator password if prompted by the system.
Use Wine on Linux Step 4

Step 4. Update the list of software repositories on your system

This will allow you to automatically receive updates from Wine. Depending on the version of Linux that is installed on your computer, type one of the following entries in your terminal:

  • in Ubuntu, enter

    sudo apt-add-repository

    ;
  • under Mint, enter

    sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main'

    .
Use Wine on Linux Step 5

Step 5. Update the downloaded package

Enter

sudo apt-get update

in your terminal then press the Enter key on your keyboard.

Use Wine on Linux Step 6

Step 6. Choose a package to download

Since March 2018, the stable version of Wine can be downloaded by entering the line in your terminal

sudo apt-get install --install-recommends wine-stable

without forgetting to press the Enter key on your keyboard.

  • Other versions that you can install by following the same procedure are also available in the Wine repository, These are winehq-devel and winehq-staging which are future versions of Wine, and therefore not recommended for most users.
Use Wine on Linux Step 7

Step 7. Confirm your intention to download

Press o then Enter on your keyboard. If prompted, enter your administrator password. Wine will begin to download to your system and install automatically.

Use Wine on Linux Step 8

Step 8. Wait for the download to complete

Downloading and installing Wine on your computer will take up to 10 minutes after which you can begin to set up the subsystem.

Part 2 of 3: Setting up Wine

Use Wine on Linux Step 9

Step 1. Create a home directory for Wine

Enter

winecfg

in your terminal and press the Enter key on your keyboard. Wait for the message to appear

~ / home / user /.wine directory created

confirming the execution of your last instruction.

  • Winecfg, the Wine configuration wizard, will attempt to run, but it will notify you first of the missing named packages wine-mono and wine-gecko and prompt you to install them one at a time. Click on the button labeled To install in the invitation dialogs that will appear thereafter. When these dependencies are installed, the Wine setup wizard window will appear.
Use Wine on Linux Step 10

Step 2. Select a version of Windows

Click on the drop-down menu named Windows version which is at the bottom of the winecfg window. Choose the version of Windows you want to use. Windows version 7 is available to you by default, but you can choose a different one if you want.

  • If you do not see this option displayed, click on the tab titled Applications at the top of the winecfg window.
Use Wine on Linux Step 11

Step 3. Click Apply

Clicking on this button at the very bottom of the Wine configurator window will save your changes.

Use Wine on Linux Step 12

Step 4. Click OK

Clicking on this button, which is also at the bottom of the configurator window, will close the winecfg window. You can recall this configuration wizard using your command terminal or the Linux applications menu.

Use Wine on Linux Step 13

Step 5. Download an executable program in Windows

Find and download a program with an installer with the extension.exe or.msi, which you can use under Wine, such as the 7-zip.exe archive decompressor or DiagramDesigner.msi diagram maker. When this is done, you will be ready to continue with the installation procedure for this program.

You can check the full list of compatible apps on the Wine website to get an idea of ​​the compatibility level of your favorite Windows apps

Part 3 of 3: Install a program with Wine

Use Wine on Linux Step 14

Step 1. Open your downloads directory

It is in your personal file

~ / home / user /

. You may also be able to access it from the applications menu on your system.

Use Wine on Linux Step 15

Step 2. Find the file you just downloaded

Scroll down to your downloads directory until you find the.exe or.msi file you want to install.

Use Wine on Linux Step 16

Step 3. Right click on the file

You will see a pop-up menu appear.

Use Wine on Linux Step 17

Step 4. Click Open with Wine - Program Loader

Choosing this option at the top of the menu will open the software installation window in the same way you would see it in Windows.

Use Wine on Linux Step 18

Step 5. Click the Install button

You will find it at the bottom of the installation window. This will install the application on your computer.

  • Just like in Windows, some applications may require more input from you before they begin to install.
  • You can also change the name of the directory in which you want to install the application by clicking on the button which is on the right of the window and by selecting a folder different from the one proposed to you by default.
Use Wine on Linux Step 19

Step 6. Click Close when prompted

This option will be available as soon as the installation of your Windows application is complete.

Use Wine on Linux Step 20

Step 7. Run your Windows software on Linux

You can start the execution of your program by clicking on its name which you will find, if you have performed a normal installation, in the section Wine from your system's applications menu.

Advice

  • You will be able to install a user interface called PlayOnLinux which will allow you to install, remove and access programs installed under Wine. You just need to open a terminal after installing Wine and enter it

    sudo apt install playonlinux

    , enter your password and confirm your intention to install by clicking the o key on your keyboard.
  • If you have installed Wine using methods other than the one above, you may need to check from time to time to see if the Wine website does not have a more up-to-date version of the subsystem.
  • If the font size of your Windows software seems too small in Wine, open winefg from a terminal and click on the tab titled Display. There you will find a slider with which you can adjust the character display resolution of your Windows windows to your liking.

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