How to learn English: 15 steps (with pictures)

How to learn English: 15 steps (with pictures)
How to learn English: 15 steps (with pictures)
Anonim

English is a very practical language to master in business, travel or for personal reasons. Learning a new language takes effort, commitment and a willingness to learn from mistakes. It is the same for English!

Steps

Part 1 of 3: speak fluently

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Step 1. Take English lessons or join a discussion group

In addition to your daily exercises, this will be a great opportunity to have more conversations in English.

  • Take English lessons to learn to speak this language using a stronger register. You will be taught what is grammatically correct to say and what is not. This includes teaching syntax and conjugation in a well-structured learning method.
  • A forum or discussion group is a less formal and more relaxed setting for learning English. The emphasis is on communication, exchange and relationship building rather than using 'correct' English. Speaking English in this setting can help you feel more comfortable speaking in front of an audience.
  • Both of these situations have advantages and disadvantages. If you have the opportunity to take classes and participate in forums, do not hesitate.
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Step 2. Speak English every day

The best way to learn any new language is to use it. It doesn't matter if you only know 5 words of English or speak English fluently, speaking English is the fastest and most effective way to improve yourself.

  • Don't wait until you feel more comfortable with English because you won't reach it that easily. So get out of your comfort zone and start speaking English right away! The speed of your progress will amaze you.
  • Find someone whose first language is English. If that person is willing to spend some of their time speaking English with you, you can suggest doing the same with them using your native language. You will be able to speak for half an hour in English and half an hour in your own language.
  • If you live in an English speaking country, you can improve your English by having simple conversations with the people you meet. It can be boiled down to a simple "hello" to a merchant just as you can ask strangers in the street to orient you for example.
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Step 3. Work on your pronunciation

If you have a good grasp of English, grammatically and for the richness of vocabulary, it may be difficult to understand you if you do not refine your pronunciation.

  • Clear and correct pronunciation is essential if you want to improve your level in English. Listen carefully to how an Englishman pronounces certain words and sounds and do your best to imitate them.
  • Pay close attention to sounds that you don't know or that don't exist in your native language. Some people might have trouble with the / r / sound which does not exist in their language. Others will have difficulty with certain combinations of consonants, the sound / th / for example.
  • You should know that the pronunciation of some English words varies depending on the country where this language is spoken. American, for example, is very different from English. It is for this reason that you should take these differences into consideration if you intend to travel or live in an English speaking country.
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Step 4. Build your vocabulary and use idioms

The more you build your vocabulary and learn new expressions, the more comfortable you will be speaking English.

  • The importance of the time you spend with someone whose mother tongue is English cannot be stressed enough because this will allow you to retain the most common vocabulary and expressions in the most natural way. Reading, English TV channels and news will also help you enormously.
  • As soon as you learn a new word or phrase, try using it in a sentence - this is the best way to remember it.
  • You can also stick labels on anything you use every day in your home to help you remember them. Thus, you will have the words for your furniture or kitchen utensils in front of you and you will remember them better.
  • Keep a notebook in which you will list the English idioms used frequently, for example it's raining cats and dogs like hello). Knowing how to integrate these expressions into your conversations will significantly improve your spoken English.
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Step 5. Have a dictionary handy

Whether it is a dictionary in pocket format or an application on your smartphone, a dictionary will be very useful to you.

  • Having a dictionary comes in handy when you can't understand a word or can't find the one you're looking for. If you are chatting with an English speaker, a dictionary can help you out when you stumble upon a word. All you have to do is look it up in your dictionary.
  • This will not only be convenient, but it will help you remember new words you find because you will be using it in a specific context.
  • It is also very useful to have a dictionary with you to go through throughout the day. You will be able to learn 20 or 30 new words per day if you think of leafing through your dictionary in the subway, during your lunch break or while listening to music.
  • If you are still a beginner, use a bilingual dictionary that provides you with definitions in your native language. Once you have a better grasp of English, use a monolingual dictionary that provides you with definitions in English.
  • If you go shopping and don't want to carry a giant dictionary under your arm, you can use your phone or tablet …

Part 2 of 3: Improve your writing, reading and listening skills

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Step 1. Listen to English radio and podcasts

It is one of the best ways to improve your understanding of English as it is spoken. Download English podcasts or radio apps to your phone or MP3 player.

  • Try to listen to what you have downloaded for at least 30 minutes a day. Do this when you are at the gym, on your commute to the office, or anytime that favors concentration.
  • Make an effort to understand what you are listening to, don't just hear without paying attention to the meaning of what is being said. Even if you find that we are speaking too quickly, try to capture key words and phrases that give you a general idea of ​​the topic of the conversation.
  • Take note of any words or phrases you don't understand if you can. You can look up the translation or definition later. Then listen to the podcast in question again to find these words in context.
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Step 2. Watch English Movies and TV Shows

It's a fun way to improve your listening and understanding.

  • Choose movies or TV shows that match your interests. So you won't feel like you're doing your chores. Find movies or shows you know, such as children's cartoons or well-known movies. If you already know the history, you will have much less trouble understanding the English used.
  • Avoid watching movies or shows subtitled in French or in your native language. It will only distract you and distract you from the English you need to understand. These subtitles cancel out the advantage of this exercise. However, you can watch them with English subtitles, so you can spot what you don't understand and look up the meaning later.
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Step 3. Read books, newspapers or magazines in English

Reading is an essential step in learning a new language. Remember to read as much as possible.

  • Find what interests you. Try reading a famous novel, the New York Times, or a fashion magazine. You will be less likely to persevere if the content of what you read bothers you. You better find something that appeals to you.
  • As with the listening exercise, make an effort to understand what you are reading. So don't just flip through a newspaper or rush through a magazine. Underline words and phrases you don't understand and look them up in the dictionary.
  • Try to read aloud if you are not disturbing anyone. You will improve your reading skills as well as your pronunciation.
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Step 4. Keep a journal in English

Writing is a key part of learning a new language. It is as important as reading and understanding.

  • This may be one of the trickiest parts of learning a new language, but it's just as important. Writing in English will help you better master sentence structure, grammar and spelling.
  • Keep a journal where you will write a few sentences each day. You don't have to write very personal things there, you can just talk about the weather, what you ate or what you plan to do during the day.
  • If you don't mind, you can have someone whose native language is English read your newspaper. If we want to correct your mistakes, you will avoid making them again.
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Step 5. Find an English speaking correspondent

Once you have mastered enough written English, consider finding a pen pal.

  • This exercise will not only help you improve your written English, but you will always be happy to receive a new letter or email from your correspondent.
  • You can correspond with someone who, like you, is learning English just as you can correspond with someone whose native language is English and who, in return, would like to improve their fluency in your native language..
  • Having an English-speaking correspondent (native of the United States, England, Canada, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand or South Africa for example) will teach you a lot about culture and life. in these countries of the world.

Part 3 of 3: persevere

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Step 1. Stay Motivated

It is very important to stay motivated if you are learning a new language, you have to hold on to achieve your goal.

  • Remember how much you want to master this new language. Think about all the experiences and opportunities that will be available to you once you have mastered English.
  • You will be able to chat with English speaking people across the world, make new connections and develop relationships. You can even make it a very useful skill for your professional career.
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Step 2. Practice your English daily

If you want to acquire a good command of English, you have to work on it on a daily basis.

  • Learning a new language is based on repetition. If your English lessons are too far apart, you will forget what you have learned and have to relearn everything. So don't waste time.
  • You should also not study too much so as not to get bored. Do different activities each day to keep the learning sessions interesting. Devote one day to comprehension, another to reading, another to writing, another to grammar and so on.
  • However, don't miss any opportunity to speak English. This is the most important exercise to do.
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Step 3. Practice thinking in English

To move from “good proficiency” to “perfect use of the language,” train your mind to think in English.

  • Getting used to translating to and from your native language takes a lot of time and energy. Each language has its nuances and peculiarities and this sometimes makes translation impossible.
  • You will thus have a more natural and fluent spoken and written English. Imagine you have a switch that you flip every time you use a different language.
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Step 4. Make English speaking friends

The mastery of a second language is assessed by integrating a person into an English-speaking group. The way they follow up and contribute to the conversation will testify to their level.

  • To be successful at speaking English fluently, make some English speaking friends with whom you will go out for a coffee or a drink and take the opportunity to speak English.
  • You will be required to speak English to chat with your friends, but it will be fun and you won't feel like you're doing your homework!
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Step 5. Don't be afraid of making mistakes

The most important obstacle to overcome is the fear of making mistakes.

  • This fear will get you nowhere, it will only hinder you in your learning.
  • Don't be shy and don't be afraid to make mistakes, it's impossible to speak a new language perfectly in a few days! Express yourself despite the difficulties.
  • Remember that we all make mistakes and that learning a second language is even a rite of passage. You will certainly experience embarrassing situations using certain words in the wrong context, but that is part of the game!
  • Remember that you are not aiming for perfection, but for progress and that mistakes are part of learning and will therefore move you forward. Accept them!

Advice

  • Learn about the culture of Anglo-Saxon countries.
  • Find an English speaking person who not only speaks English but can teach it as well. Learn grammar and vocabulary using visual, auditory and vocal methods. Vary the cycle and maintain interest.
  • Dictation is a great way to improve your listening skills and your spelling. Ask a friend to read you a few paragraphs from a book or newspaper. Write down what you think you hear. Compare what you wrote with the original text.
  • Learn the phonetic alphabet (pronunciation symbols). It can help you pronounce correctly, which is necessary if you want to make friends among English speakers. This is a big problem for those for whom English is not the first language.
  • Take ESL (English as a Second Language) courses. In some countries, such as the United States, these courses are free.
  • If you are targeting the United States, research the literacy programs available in your area (they are often free), learn a trade, and do your best to have English speaking friends. Americans love people with the "I can do it!" Mindset. In Britain, modesty and practical skill will be better assets.

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