# How to read braille: 8 steps (with pictures)

Braille is a method of reading tactile text, instead of visual. It is mainly used by people who are blind or visually impaired, however sighted people can also read braille. There are a lot of reasons for this, especially for people who have a visually impaired person in their household. There are many types of braille, including musical, mathematical, and many kinds of literary braille. The most commonly learned method is Grade 2 literary braille, which is explained below.

## Steps

#### Step 1. Learn the positions of the 6 dots in a braille cell

Cells alone have no intrinsic meaning, the meaning changes depending on the braille system you are reading. However, knowing where the dots and spaces are is important in order to read Braille. Braille printed for sighted people may have small black dots for spaces, braille for the blind will not have them.

#### Step 2. Learn the first 10 letters (A-J) of the alphabet

These letters only use the top 4 dots out of the 6 in the cell.

#### Step 3. Learn the next 10 letters (K-T)

They are identical to the letters A to J, except that they have an additional point in position 3.

#### Step 4. Learn the cells of the letters U, V, X, Y and Z

These are the same as the letters A through E, except they have an extra dot in positions 1, 3 and 6.

#### Step 5. Learn the W, which does not follow this pattern

The W is out of service because braille was originally written for French, which at the time did not contain a W.

#### Step 6. Learn braille punctuation

Pay particular attention to the special symbols in Braille. They are not found in regular printing. They are used to distinguish capital letters and other inconspicuous formatting in Braille cells.

#### Step 7. Learn the abbreviations of the most common words

braille Through Remote Learning has a very good list and search function.

#### Step 8. Practice

Learning braille is really just learning a new alphabet. You won't get there overnight, but that doesn't mean it's impossible.