How to learn any language: 9 steps (with pictures)

How to learn any language: 9 steps (with pictures)
How to learn any language: 9 steps (with pictures)
Anonim

It can be hard to learn a new language, but there are some techniques you can take to learn any language. There is no magic formula to learning a language, but you can quickly become fluent in a foreign language with diligence and practice.

Steps

Part 1 of 2: master the basics

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Step 1. Know your learning style

This is the first thing you need to know when you start learning a language. Everyone has different ways of learning, especially when it comes to languages. You will need to determine whether you learn best with repetition, writing the words, or listening to a native speaker of the language.

  • Know if you are assimilating your knowledge in a visual, auditory or kinesthetic way (internal sensation of the movements of the body). There is a trick to knowing your category: choose two words in your native language and rewrite them several times. If you can remember it the next day, your ability to learn is probably visual. Otherwise, find someone who repeats these two words to you several times without seeing them yourself. If you can remember it the next day, you're probably an auditory type. If that doesn't work for you, read and write these two words, repeat them out loud, listen to someone else say them, associate memories and feelings with those words. If you can remember them the next day, you are probably a kinesthetic type.

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  • If you've learned languages ​​in the past, review what you've learned and find out what works best for you. What had helped you learn? And what was not helping you? When you have determined this, you will be ready to learn this language.

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Step 2. Learn the pronunciation

Even if this language has the same alphabet as yours, it doesn't mean that the pronunciation is necessarily the same (so ask a Polish person to pronounce the letters CZ).

Most foreign language institutes offer free language learning tools, which contain audio recordings that help you with pronunciation as well as a useful pronunciation site (and free language learning services). quality)

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Step 3. Pay attention to grammar

It is undoubtedly with the vocabulary the most important part of a language. "Marc wants Bridget to take a store" can convey an idea, but it is not good French. If you don't pay attention to grammar, you can be just as incomprehensible in another language.

  • See the structure of the language and how the genders are articulated (masculine, feminine, neuter). Understanding the structure of language will help you put words together from the moment you build your vocabulary.
  • Make sure you know how to ask questions, how to formulate affirmative and negative sentences in the past, present and future using the twenty most common regular and irregular verbs in the language.
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Step 4. Memorize thirty words and phrases each day

You will have learned 80% of the language within three months. Start with the most common words. Memorization alone is half the job and there are different ways to remember something.

  • You can practice writing each word a dozen times, which will get you used to using that word.

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  • Try to use these words in different and different sentences. This will help you to assimilate the words and remember them when you need to.
  • Remember to keep studying these words when you move on to memorizing other words. You might forget them if you don't use them.
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Step 5. Master the alphabet

You will need to know what the letters look like and how they fit together, especially if you are learning a language that operates on a different alphabetical system (such as Russian, for example).

  • Try to associate pictures with each letter and sound so that your brain will find an easy way to remember the letter and its accompanying sound. In Thai, for example, the letter "า" is pronounced "ah. If you're a boy, you can think of it as the sigh of relief that comes with peeing against a tree. These associations can be as simple as that or utterly silly, as long as they help you remember.
  • You should also get used to writing from right to left or top to bottom. Start simple and work your way up to more difficult readings like newspapers and books.

Part 2 of 2: practicing the language

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Step 1. Listen

Listening to a language, whether through movies or TV shows, through lesson recordings or music can help you remember the words you are trying to learn. However, it is not enough to just listen. You will need to repeat the words and pronounce them yourself.

  • One method popular with polyglots (people who are fluent in several languages) is to let a foreign language recording run in a room and leave the room. You should walk quickly into the other room or outside while repeating out loud what you hear. Repeat several times. This will help you relate kinetics (movement) and language, which activates your focus and saves you from an obsessive need to memorize.
  • Use books or recorded lessons. You can listen to these while you commute to work or while you run around the park. This will promote your listening skills. Repeat listening to fragments of the course for 30 seconds to a minute until you have fully assimilated. Sometimes you will need to listen to the entire lesson more than twice to understand everything being taught.

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  • Watch TV shows and movies without closed captioning. This also includes series, news papers and even shows that you already know and that have already been dubbed in your language. It's a fun way to practice and use your knowledge.

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  • Listen to music in the language in which you are learning. It's fun and fairly easy and will hopefully keep your interest in the language alive. Just put on some music while you do the dishes or go for a walk and pay attention to the words in the song.

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Step 2. Read in the language of your choice

Start with simple books and as you improve, move on to more difficult texts. Challenge yourself by reading without a dictionary and try to guess for yourself the meaning of the sentence.

  • Children's books are a great place to start, as this type of book is intended to teach children how to read and understand their language. Since you've just started, you'll need to start with something easy.

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  • Find books that you liked in your native language and read them in the language you are trying to learn. Your knowledge of the contents of the book will help you decipher the words and fuel your interest in the story.
  • Try popular magazines or newspapers in the language you want to learn. Pick a topic that interests you. Magazines are a good way to learn common phrases in context. Articles in magazines and newspapers cover a variety of topics and are much shorter than reading an entire book.

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  • You can buy a good quality dictionary of the language you want to learn, and you can also use a free dictionary online. When you come across a new word, look it up in the dictionary. Then, copy the word, its definition, and a sample sentence that contains that word into a notebook. Then study your notebook. This activity helps you think in the new language.
  • An illustrated dictionary is sometimes useful for learning the common names of certain languages. Use an illustrated dictionary to learn Japanese, for example, because many Japanese words mean several things at the same time.
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Step 3. Speak with native speakers of that language

If you do not speak this language, you will not be able to learn it properly or retain it. There are programs via Skype that connect people who want to learn a language and a native of the country of the chosen language. If you can't, see near you. Chances are, someone can direct you to someone who can help you practice the language. A language school is a good place to start.

  • Learn certain phrases, proverbs, and phrases. When your level improves, learn some expressions or even slang terms of the language. It will help you recognize and understand these terms when you hear or read them, even if you don't use them very much.
  • Don't be embarrassed if you don't speak the language very well yet. It takes a while.
  • We will not repeat enough the importance of this step. If you don't practice speaking this language, you will not be able to speak it fluently. Talk to native speakers of the language, find yourself and practice people who want to learn the language with you, respond in the language of the TV show and so on.
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Step 4. Practice

Do not hesitate to speak this language in public with native speakers. This will help you master it. Also, don't be ashamed if you are corrected when you don't pronounce correctly. No one has infused science. Accept a little constructive criticism. Test your knowledge on any social occasion you may have.

  • Continue to watch shows and movies in the language of your choice. If you like soccer, for example, watch a game in Spanish to refresh your knowledge of the language. Make sure you howl well in Iberian if the match doesn't go the way you want it to.
  • Force yourself to think in the language you are trying to master.

Advice

  • Choose the language that interests you the most.
  • No one ever has time to do nothing! So, why not use the time you have? While driving, walking or even taking a bath. Just listen and repeat! ¡Adelante pues! (So ​​go ahead!)

Warnings

  • Don't be too hard on yourself. Your self-criticism is also your worst enemy. It is good that you also make mistakes. The more you trust yourself, the easier it will be to speak fluently.
  • You won't be fluent just by watching TV shows or reading children's books. You must practice speaking the language and thinking in that language before you get to the stage of a fluent expression.

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