How to quote a poem in APA format: 11 steps (with pictures)

How to quote a poem in APA format: 11 steps (with pictures)
How to quote a poem in APA format: 11 steps (with pictures)
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The APA (for American Psychological Association) style is very popular for making quotes, especially in the social sciences. If you must write an article in this format, be aware that there is a set of rules to consider. Citing sources (such as poems) may seem a bit complicated at first. But by following a few simple rules, you will succeed in getting the quotes in the perfect format.

Steps

Part 1 of 3: quote a poem

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 1

Step 1. Use quotes for short quotes

If you want to quote less than 40 words from a poem, you should put them in quotation marks. You will need to start with a new line to announce the quote.

For example, start a short quote like this: “Frost wrote: Some say the world will end in fire. "

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 2

Step 2. Indicate the line breaks

If you quote more than one line from a poem in the body of your article, you will need to indicate the newlines. To do this, introduce a slash between the two lines.

For example, quote two lines from the poem as follows: "Some say the world will end in fire, / Others say in ice. "

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 3

Step 3. Use citation blocks for longer excerpts

If you want to quote more than 40 words from a poem, you should use citation blocks. This consists of going to the line and putting an indentation of 1.25 cm from the left.

  • Do not use quotes in this case. The indent already indicates that this is a citation.
  • Observe the double leading used throughout the article.

Part 2 of 3: Introduce specific references in the text

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 4

Step 1. Include the author's name, year, and page number

When you include a quote from a poem, you should accompany it with a reference to tell the reader about the work you are quoting. This should always include the name of the author, the year of publication and the number of the page on which the quoted extract can be found preceded by the letter p..

  • If you mention the author's name in the sentence that introduces the citation, include the year in parentheses after the author's name and place the page number after the end of the citation. For example: “In his poem Fire and Ice, Robert Frost (1923) writes: Some say the world will end in fire (p. 1). "
  • If you did not include the author's name in the opening sentence, give all information in parentheses (and separated by commas) at the end of the citation. For example: "Some say the world will end in fire" (Frost, 1923, p. 1).
  • Citations in parentheses must always come after the punctuation of the previous sentence.
Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 5

Step 2. Remember to cite indirect references

You should always include references to the poem (or any other source) the moment you mention it, even if you are not citing it. Follow the same rules for citations in parentheses when referring to a source.

If you are not referring to a specific page, it is not necessary to give a page number, although it is advisable to do so as soon as possible

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 6

Step 3. Put the titles in the correct format

Use the correct capitals and fonts when mentioning the title of a poem or other source. Note that the rules are different for the body of your article and the work cited. In the body of your article, stick to the following rules:

  • capitalize all important words in the title;
  • put quotes around titles for shorter works (like most poems);
  • italicize or underline the titles of more important works (such as anthologies).

Part 3 of 3: Quote a Poem in a Quote

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 7

Step 1. Quote an entire book

If you are quoting a book-sized poem, use the directions on the cover page of the book. Your punctuation and capitals should follow this example:

Author's last name, Author's first name, (Year of publication) Title of the work: Subtitle. Location: publishing house

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 8

Step 2. Name a poem from an anthology

Often large anthologies include small poems. If this is the case for your poem, use the APA format citation rules for published articles and book chapters. Follow this example by including the "In" before the name of the publishing house and the "pp. Before the page numbers.

Author's last name, Author's first name (Year of publication). Title of the poem. In Name and first name of the publishing house (Eds), Title of the book (pp. Page #). Location: publishing house

Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 9

Step 3. Adapt the rules to your book

All sources are slightly different. So you may need to make a few changes to each of your quotes to make them fit. If you are unsure of how to handle a particular piece of information, ask your teacher for advice.

  • In general, if the source does not provide specific information, it does not matter if the reference does not.
  • When citing multiple pages, write “pp.”Instead of“p. ".
Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 10

Step 4. Include additional information for electronic sources

If you need to cite a poem that you find online, cite it the same way you would a print, including all the information given by the publisher on the site. In addition, you should include information that will help the reader find this source.

  • For a website, include the words "Extract from the site" followed by the full address at the end of the quote.
  • For an e-book, include the format in square brackets directly after the book title (for example, [Kindle DX version]). Then include at the end of the quote the words "Available on" followed by the address of the website where you retrieved the e-book.
Cite a Poem Using APA Style Step 11

Step 5. Format the cited job

When you have compiled all the information needed for citations, you will need to make sure that your bibliography is well organized and in the correct format. Remember that the rules for capital letters are not the same as those for citations in the body of the article.

  • Only capitalize the first word, not all important words.
  • Do not enclose the title of a poem with quotation marks.
  • Use the title References or Bibliography at the top of the page.
  • Sort the articles alphabetically based on the last names of the authors. If more than one source is written by the same author, use the publication date to list them in chronological order.
  • The first line of each reference should not be indented, but all subsequent lines should be indented 1.25cm (two spaces) from the left.
  • Keep the line double.
  • If you are making annotations (additional descriptions), place them directly below the reference with an indent of two more spaces.

Advice

  • If you intend to write multiple articles in APA format, it is a good idea to purchase a printed version of the Rules Manual or pay to access it online.
  • The APA format is not the only one that exists. Make sure this is what your teacher asked you to do before you start!

Warnings

  • Be sure to cite any sources you cite, paraphrase, or simply refer to in order to avoid any risk of plagiarism.
  • Remember that all of your article should follow this same format. This also includes respecting the rules of the APA format for line spacing, spaces between paragraphs, fonts, margins, etc.

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