3 ways to protect your files with a password

3 ways to protect your files with a password
3 ways to protect your files with a password
Anonim

MacOS and the Professional, Enterprise, and Education editions of Windows 10 all have their own encryption programs, which can be used to encrypt and password protect files and folders on your hard drive. Windows 10 Home Edition does not contain an encryption program, however you can use a third-party application to achieve the same result. The process varies from operating system to operating system, but it is quite possible to encrypt and password protect your files and folders.

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Use Windows

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 1

Step 1. Press ⊞ Win + E to open the file explorer File_Explorer_Icon

The file explorer icon looks like a folder with a blue clip on it. Click on it in the taskbar or press Windows key + E to open it. Windows Professional, Enterprise, and Education editions have their own built-in encryption program called BitLocker. You can use it to encrypt an entire hard drive or specific folders and files.

BitLocker is not available on Windows Home Edition. If you are using this version, you will need to use a third-party program to encrypt your files as well as your folders

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 2

Step 2. Go to the folder you want to password protect

Right click on it to display a context menu on its right.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 3

Step 3. Select Properties

This option is at the bottom of the context menu.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 4

Step 4. Click Advanced

The Advanced button is at the bottom of the Properties window, next to Attributes.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 5

Step 5. Check Encrypt content to secure data

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Click the box at the bottom of the Advanced Attributes window next to Compression or Encryption Attributes.

If you want to open a password protected folder, follow the previous steps and uncheck this box. Then enter your password

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 6

Step 6. Click Ok then on To apply.

This will initiate encryption for the folder you selected.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 7

Step 7. Select Apply changes to this folder

In the Confirmation of attribute modifications window, check the option Apply changes to this folder, subfolders and files. Then click on Ok.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 8

Step 8. Click Save your file encryption key

You can also find this pop-up message in the notifications window by clicking the square chat bubble icon in the taskbar.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 9

Step 9. Insert a USB flash drive into one of the USB ports on your computer

Then click on Back up now (recommended) to save your encryption key to the USB drive. This will prevent you from losing your files if you ever forget your password.

  • If you do not have a USB key, you can click on Never save Or on Save later to receive a reminder the next time you log in. Warning:

    if you do not save your encryption key, you will lose all access to your files if you ever forget your password.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 10

Step 10. Click Next twice

First of all, click on Following at the bottom of the Certificate Export Wizard window, then again on Following to create a new password.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 11

Step 11. Select Personal Information Exchange - PKCS # 12

Then click on Next. This is the default option in the Certificate Export Wizard window. The Next button is located in the lower right corner.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 12

Step 12. Check the Password box

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To create a new password, click on the box next to Password then enter the password you want to use in the 2 fields below. Make sure you enter the same password twice.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 13

Step 13. Click Next

This button is located at the bottom right of the Certificate Export window.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 14

Step 14. Go to the USB drive

Use the file explorer to navigate to the location of your USB drive. It should appear as a temporary "D:" or "E:" drive.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 15

Step 15. Type a certificate name and click Save

This will save the certificate as a ".pfx" file.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 16

Step 16. Click Next then on To end.

This will complete the process of encryption and password protection of your folder. You can then eject the USB drive and keep it in a safe place.

If you need to access your folder, follow steps 1 to 4. Next, uncheck the Encrypt content to secure data box and enter your password to decrypt the folder

Method 2 of 3: Use AxCrypt

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 17

Step 1. Download and install Axcrypt

Windows Home Edition does not ship with BitLocker, the standard encryption program used on Windows. Instead, you'll need to download and install a third-party encryption program. AxCrypt can encrypt and password protect files as well as folders on your computer. The free version uses 128-bit encryption while the premium version uses AES-256-bit encryption. In both cases, these are international standards. To download and install AxCrypt:

  • go to this page in a web browser;
  • click on the green button To download;
  • open the installation file in your web browser or in the Downloads folder;
  • check the box to accept the terms of use;
  • select To install;
  • click on Execute.
Protect Folders With Passwords Step 18

Step 2. Enter your email address then click Ok

Be sure to enter a valid email address, as a verification code will be sent to you.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 19

Step 3. Retrieve the verification code

Open the email address you entered and find the message from AxCrypt. You will find your verification code there.

Remember to check your spam folder

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 20

Step 4. Enter the verification code

Once the verification code is retrieved, enter it in the small box that says "Verification code" in the AxCrypt window.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 21

Step 5. Enter your password twice

Then click on Ok. Make sure to enter the exact same password in both fields. This is the password you will use to encrypt and decrypt your files.

  • You can write down your password and keep it in a safe place. If you lose it, you could lose all access to your files.
  • Once logged into AxCrypt, you will not need to enter your password every time. Don't be afraid to use a complicated password.
Protect Folders With Passwords Step 22

Step 6. Enter your password then click on Ok

This will connect you to AxCrypt.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 23

Step 7. Click Start Test Where Not now.

If you would like to take a free trial of Premium AxCrypt, click on Start the test. Otherwise, choose Not now.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 24

Step 8. Press ⊞ Win + E to open the file explorer File_Explorer_Icon

File Explorer looks like a folder with a blue clip in the taskbar. Click on it or press Windows key + E to open it.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 25

Step 9. Go to the folder to protect

Right click on it to display a context menu next to it.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 26

Step 10. Hover over AxCrypt then click on Encrypt.

Once the AxCrypt application is installed and your connection is established, this option appears in the context menu that appears when you right-click on a file or folder in File Explorer. This will display a submenu with the option Encrypt.

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 27

Step 11. Enter your password then click Ok

This converts the folder and all files to encrypted ".axx" files.

  • To access the files again, right click on them in the file explorer then hover over AxCrypt. Click on Decipher, enter your password and click on OK.

Method 3 of 3: Use a Mac

Protect Folders With Passwords Step 28

Step 1. Open Spotlight

Macspotlight

Spotlight is located in the upper right corner of the screen.

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Step 2. Type disk utility then press Return

This will open the Disk Utility application.

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Step 3. Click File

This menu item is located at the top left of your Mac screen.

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Step 4. Select New Image

Next, click Image from Folder to open a Finder window.

On some older Macs, this option may be called "Disk Image of a Folder."

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Step 5. Choose a folder

Select the folder you want to protect with a password and click Open. Click on the box at the top of the pop-up window then on the location of the folder (for example Desktop), click on your folder then select To open.

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Step 6. Enter a name for your folder

Do it in the Save As field.

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Step 7. Click the Encryption drop-down field

Select 128-bit AES encryption from the drop-down field that appears.

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Step 8. Expand the Image format box

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Step 9. Select Read / Write

This option will allow you to add and remove files from your encrypted folder in the future.

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Step 10. Click Save

It's the blue button in the lower right corner of the window.

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Step 11. Create a password then click Choose

Enter the password you want to assign to the folder in the Password field and then enter it again in the Verify field to confirm it. Click on To choose to set the password.

Your passwords must match in order to continue

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Step 12. Click Save

It's the blue button at the bottom of the window. Click on it to create an encrypted copy of the original folder.

  • If you gave your image the same name as your original folder, click To replace when you are prompted to replace the folder.
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Step 13. Choose Done at the command prompt

This will create your password protected folder. It will appear as a ".dmg" file.

If you want, you can delete the original file used to create the password protected folder. Your files will still be available in the ".dmg" you just created

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Step 14. Open the password protected folder

Double-click on the ".dmg" file you just created. You will be prompted to enter a password.

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Step 15. Enter the password you set earlier

Then click on OK to open your folder as a virtual drive mounted on the desktop. Once unlocked, you will see a window open with your files inside.

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Step 16. Lock the backrest

When you're done, you can lock the folder again by "ejecting" the drive that has been opened by doing the following:

  • click and drag the drive icon to the trash;
  • right click on the icon then select Eject [the name of your folder];
  • click the eject button next to your folder name in the Finder window on the left.

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