3 ways to install a SATA disk or drive

3 ways to install a SATA disk or drive
3 ways to install a SATA disk or drive
Anonim

The SATA standard is today a standard for connecting electronic components inside a computer. Sooner or later, to "inflate" your computer for example, you will have to change a SATA drive or hard disk. If this standard has become established, it is because it is more practical than the old IDE standard. It's almost child's play today! In this article, we will explain how to install a SATA hard drive and a SATA optical drive (for CD / DVD).

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Install a SATA hard drive in a desktop computer

Install a SATA Drive Step 1

Step 1. Shut down your computer

Flip the switch to "OFF" and remove the side panels. The fixing screws can be removed either by hand (on newer ones) or with a screwdriver (on older ones). On many cases, the two side panels have to be removed, while on others the housing is removable.

Install a SATA Drive Step 2

Step 2. Ground yourself

Before you touch anything, you must discharge all the static electricity. If your computer is plugged in (but turned off), just touch any metal part. You can also touch a kitchen faucet.

When working on electronic components, it is essential to wear an antistatic wrist strap

Install a SATA Drive Step 3

Step 3. Locate the hard drive slot

Obviously, it all depends on the CPU model, but usually the hard drive is located under the optical drive (or its slot). No problem if you replace a hard drive! You put the new in place of the old.

Install a SATA Drive Step 4

Step 4. Unplug the old hard drive (if replacing)

Find the location of the hard drive and unplug any wires attached to it, usually at the back. If you are adding a second hard drive, you can skip this step and go directly to step 5.

The cable on the back and on the left, which is also wider, is the SATA power cable. It is he who supplies power to the hard drive. The red, flat cable, located on the right, has a smaller end. This is the data cable (simply called "SATA cable") that connects the hard drive to the motherboard. Unplug them both by pulling gently

Install a SATA Drive Step 5

Step 5. Remove the old hard drive

Of course, the mounting systems vary from model to model, but, in general, hard drives are held by two screws positioned on either side of the drive.

Remove the screws and carefully lift the old hard drive out of its slot

Install a SATA Drive Step 6

Step 6. Insert the new hard drive into its slot

If you can and if you add a hard drive, try to put some space between the two hard drives to allow good air circulation and therefore better cooling. The metal part of the hard drive must face upwards and the plastic part, usually black, must face downwards. Also check that the two SATA connection ports on the back are easily accessible.

Install a SATA Drive Step 7

Step 7. Secure the hard drive

Replace the two screws on each side to secure the new hard drive. Be careful to take the correct screws! If you put in too long, you risk damaging your hard drive.

Install a SATA Drive Step 8

Step 8. Connect the SATA cables to the hard drive

Connect the SATA power cable to the back of your hard drive (largest port). If the cable doesn’t fit well, it must be upside down. Connect the SATA cable to the smaller SATA port on your hard drive.

There may be times when you do not have SATA electrical connectors. If so, you will need a Molex to SATA adapter. Molex sockets have 4 pins and are either white or black

Install a SATA Drive Step 9

Step 9. Connect the SATA cable to the motherboard

If you add a new hard drive, you must connect it via the SATA cable to one of the SATA ports on the motherboard (in the case of a "standard exchange", there is no need to disconnect the SATA cable from the motherboard. the motherboard).

  • SATA ports are usually grouped and identified. If there are no labels, see the documentation that came with your motherboard.
  • The main hard disk (the one at the start) must be connected, unless otherwise specified (see documentation), to the first SATA port on the motherboard, generally SATA0 or SATA1.
  • If your motherboard does not have SATA ports, your motherboard will not support SATA connections. You will need to install a motherboard that supports this SATA format.
Install a SATA Drive Step 10

Step 10. Complete the installation

With the hard drive in place and the cover closed, start your computer. Before you can use it, and in the event that you have replaced an old hard drive or are building a new computer, it will need to be formatted, that is, installing the operating system of your choice on it. Below are some articles on how to install a particular system:

  • How to install Windows 7.
  • How to install Windows 8.
  • how to install linux.
  • How to format a hard drive (at high level).

Method 2 of 3: Install a SATA optical drive in a desktop computer

Install a SATA Drive Step 11

Step 1. Shut down your computer

Flip the switch, but leave the power cable plugged in, if possible. Thus, your device will be earthed. If you have to unplug everything, follow the instructions given in step 2. Open the casing of your central unit with a suitable screwdriver. In general, the panels must be removed from both sides.

Install a SATA Drive Step 12

Step 2. Ground yourself

Before you touch anything, you must discharge all the static electricity. If your computer is plugged in (but turned off), just touch any metal part. You can also touch a kitchen faucet.

When working on electronic components, it is essential to wear an antistatic wrist strap

Install a SATA Drive Step 13

Step 3. Insert your new optical disc drive (CD / DVD)

These readers usually enter from the front of the tower. The housing is sometimes closed with a small plastic cover that must be popped up by pressing a little. If in doubt, refer to your documentation!

Secure the player with the screws provided. Usually there are two. Sometimes there are two guides that you need to slide the drive on

Install a SATA Drive Step 14

Step 4. Electrically plug in your optical drive

Just plug the SATA electrical connector into the larger SATA port on your drive. The cable can only go one way, so do not force it! It may happen that you do not have SATA electrical connectors, but Molex plugs with 4 pins. If so, you will need a Molex to SATA adapter.

Install a SATA Drive Step 15

Step 5. Connect the reader to the motherboard

For this, use the smaller SATA cable. On the motherboard, use the port that comes immediately after the port used by the primary hard drive. For example, if your hard drive is on SATA1, plug the optical drive into SATA2.

If your hard drive does not have SATA ports, your motherboard does not support SATA connections. You are going to need to install a motherboard if you want your SATA hard drive to work

Install a SATA Drive Step 16

Step 6. Complete the installation

Once the optical drive is fixed and wired, you can close the case and turn on the power. Your new hard drive will be recognized immediately and the drivers, if they are already present on your computer, will install automatically. Otherwise, you will have to put the installation CD that came with the hard drive or download these famous drivers from the manufacturer's website.

Method 3 of 3: Install SATA hard drive in laptop

Install a SATA Drive Step 17

Step 1. First, back up all your data

Most laptops only have one hard drive, so if you replace it, you'll need to back up everything on it first. Make sure that everything you need is backed up and that you also have everything you need (CD, DVD, etc.) to reinstall the operating system on the new hard drive.

Install a SATA Drive Step 18

Step 2. Turn off your laptop

Remove the battery. The power cable must be unplugged. Ground yourself, either by wearing an antistatic wrist strap or by touching a metal part.

Install a SATA Drive Step 19

Step 3. Locate the hard drive

The location varies from model to model, but usually it's on the back, behind a small removable panel. There may be a label to peel off in order to access the screws.

Install a SATA Drive Step 20

Step 4. Remove the old hard drive

Usually, you only need to pull on a small ribbon to dislodge the hard drive from its connectors. In this case, the hard drive is already free.

Some hard drives are attached with a small metal frame that you just need to unscrew. Conversely, you will need to replace it when you install the new hard drive

Install a SATA Drive Step 21

Step 5. Install the new hard drive

Place the hard drive in its slot and press down a little firmly to snap it into place on the connectors. Before pressing, check that the hard drive is positioned correctly and upright. He must go home without forcing!

Secure your hard drive by replacing any screws or clips you removed or undone earlier

Install a SATA Drive Step 22

Step 6. Close the computer

With the hard drive securely seated and the cover closed, start your laptop. The hard drive should be recognized immediately, but it will not be functional since there is no operating system yet. Depending on your system and if you don't know how, read the following articles to find out how to install an operating system:

  • How to install Windows 7.
  • How to install Windows 8.
  • how to install windows vista
  • how to install linux.

Advice

  • If you are replacing a SATA hard drive with another SATA drive, there is no reason to disconnect the SATA data cable from the motherboard.
  • If you don't want the hassle of mounting a SATA drive inside your tower, you can also install a simple external hard drive in a USB port, the result will be the same.

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