If your throat is full of mucus and phlegm, there are ways you can clean your throat to help you breathe, eat, and drink better. Certain medications, home remedies, and even certain foods and drinks can help improve symptoms.
Method 1 of 4: Cleanse your throat
Step 1. Use a mouthwash
Using mouthwash every day helps you clean the back of your throat and helps prevent bacteria that cause bad breath and many oral diseases.
- Mouthwashes may contain antimicrobial agents that prevent disease, fluoride to protect teeth, and an odor neutralizer to fight bad breath.
- Some mouthwashes only serve to hide bad odors temporarily and do not have the antibacterial properties that other brands have. Make sure you buy a mouthwash that is designed to clean your mouth and throat in addition to eliminating bad breath.
- Mouthwashes will be sold with instructions for use. For most of them, you have to rinse your mouth with them or gargle them for several seconds before spitting them out in the sink and rinsing your mouth with water.
Step 2. Take care of your tonsils
Tonsils are a small group of tissues in the back of the throat that are often the cause of infections and bad breath. Some people have their tonsils removed during surgery to prevent these problems from returning, but if you still have yours, you should take care of them to prevent bacteria buildup. Sometimes tonsilloliths, a buildup of food particles and mucus, form in the folds of the tonsils and cause bad breath. They might also make you feel like you have something in your throat or need to clear it all the time.
- If you have tonsillolith problems, you should regularly clean your tonsils using an irrigation system that you can buy at a drugstore. Tonsil irrigation systems work on a similar principle to nasal irrigation systems, for example by using a rubber bulb to inject water or other medicine into the back of the throat to remove debris. unwanted. Make sure you don't use too much force or you could irritate the tonsils and cause bleeding.
- You can also buy tonsil sprays at a drugstore. These are medicated sprays that you use to clean your tonsils and the back of your throat and to protect your mouth.
- If your tonsils are too big and bother you, taking probiotics by mouth may slow their growth. Talk to your doctor before trying any new treatment.
- If you cannot remove tonsilloliths on your own or if they are a problem for you, consult a doctor.
Step 3. Brush your tongue
When brushing your teeth every day, be sure to take a few minutes to brush your tongue with your toothbrush. This will help you clean your throat and mouth in addition to the teeth and prevent the onset of disease or bad breath caused by bacteria.
Method 2 of 4: Use medications and home remedies
Step 1. Try non-prescription drugs
The fastest way to clear phlegm and other unwanted substances from your throat is to simply take over-the-counter drugs that you can buy at most drugstores.
- Over-the-counter medicines called “expectorants” are designed to remove mucus and phlegm from the throat and chest. You will find several kinds, including drugs that contain guaifenesin.
- Always check the possible side effects of any medications you are taking. Many expectorants cause lethargy, and sometimes the labels on the drugs might tell you not to use a motorized machine after taking a certain drug.
- You should always consult your doctor before taking any new medicine, even non-prescription medicines, to make sure it is okay with your medical history and the medicines you are taking at the same time.
- If over-the-counter medications don't help, see a doctor. If he thinks this is necessary, he may advise you to see an ENT doctor to prescribe an effective treatment to clear your throat.
Step 2. Use saline solution to clean your nasal passages
Salt water, or saline solution, can effectively clean your throat over a short period of time by preventing nasopharyngeal discharge, reducing stuffy nose, and clearing mucus from the nose. You can buy sterile saline at a drugstore, but you can also make it at home.
- Mix half a tsp. to c. of baking soda and half a tsp. to c. of salt in a cup of distilled water at room temperature. If you are using tap water, first boil it and allow it to cool.
- Dissolve the baking soda and salt in the water.
- You're going to need a syringe. You can use a rubber bulb or a syringe without the needle. Inject some of the solution into your nose and let it run down the back of your throat. Spit it out in the sink.
- Don't worry if you accidentally swallow some of the solution. It won't hurt you.
- The solution should help you clean your nasal passages which will reduce the buildup of mucus in your throat. Repeat if symptoms persist.
- Be sure to keep the syringe sterile by cleaning it with soap and water after use. Replace the saline solution every three or four days.
Step 3. Try a mixture of honey and lemon
Honey and lemon both have antibacterial properties that can help soothe your throat and clear phlegm, mucus, and other bacteria.
- Combine honey and lemon juice in equal amounts and stir well.
- You can take a spoonful of the pure solution, but many people find it too sweet. If so, add some to your tea, coffee, or even a cup of hot water to make it pass more easily.
- Do not give honey to children under one year of age. It could contain botulism spores which could cause serious infection in children.
Step 4. Use eucalyptus oil
Eucalyptus oil can be applied to relieve congestion, which helps cleanse the throat.
- You can buy eucalyptus essential oil at most drugstores and organic stores. Remember that you should only apply it to your skin and never consume it. Always dilute eucalyptus oil in a carrier oil, for example coconut, olive or rapeseed oil.
- You can gently massage eucalyptus oil onto your chest and neck and leave it on for several hours to relieve congestion. It might help you clean your throat.
Method 3 of 4: Eat and drink to cleanse your throat
Step 1. Try ginger and garlic
Raw ginger and garlic are extremely helpful in clearing congestion and clearing the throat.
- Both ginger and garlic have antibacterial properties that can treat infections that cause phlegm and mucus to build up in the throat. Mucus contains many bacteria that garlic can destroy.
- You should consume raw ginger and garlic for best results. If the idea of chewing whole chunks of garlic or ginger doesn't appeal to you much, you can mince them and take them with water as a tablet.
Step 2. Drink herbal teas
Herbal teas are known to clear the irritation in the throat that is caused by infections that produce phlegm. Green tea, ginger, chamomile, and lemon tea are good examples. Try decaffeinated versions for best results.
Herbal teas help loosen the mucus in the throat, unblock it and clean it
Step 3. Eat spicy foods
Spicy foods can irritate your already sensitive throat, which is why you should use this method with care. The principle is that spicy foods make the mucus more liquid and therefore easier to eliminate by coughing or blowing your nose. Hot peppers, wasabi, and horseradish are good solutions. However, if you have had acid reflux issues from spicy foods in the past, you might be better off trying other methods.
Step 4. Avoid certain foods
If your throat is blocked or congested, there are certain foods that you should avoid so as not to make the problem worse.
- Dairy products, such as cheese, yogurt, and milk can increase the body's production of mucus. You should also avoid meals high in salt and oil.
- Refined sugars and other artificial sweeteners can irritate the throat and make the problem worse. You should avoid them when trying to clear your throat.
- Soy products like tofu and soy milk can increase mucus production. You should therefore not substitute milk and cheese for soy products when trying to cleanse your throat.
Method 4 of 4: Take care of your throat
Step 1. Drink lots of water
Staying hydrated can help the mucus stay more liquid and not block your throat as easily.
- Try to drink at least two liters of water a day, but if you are sick, for example from a cold, you should drink slightly more as you will produce more mucus.
- The water helps keep the throat well lubricated which reduces the production of phlegm. Drink water with your meals instead of other drinks, and keep a bottle of water near you while you work or relax at home to drink it regularly.
Step 2. Don't smoke
Smoking can cause a variety of health problems, and it's bad for your throat too. Smoke irritates your vocal cords and tobacco makes you more susceptible to infections, which leads to an increase in colds and flus and therefore mucus production. Throw away your cigarettes to clear your throat and learn about long-term smoking cessation solutions.
Step 3. Drink alcohol and soda in moderation
If your throat is full of phlegm, you should avoid alcohol and carbonated drinks.
- Carbonated drinks, even sparkling water, can irritate the throat and create additional phlegm.
- Alcohol irritates the airways which are already producing mucus and weakens your immune system which will prolong the duration of a cold or flu, which means you may have to wait longer to clear your throat.